Hynobius kunibiki Sugawara, Iwata, Yamashita, and Nagano, 2021

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Hynobius > Species: Hynobius kunibiki

Hynobius kunibiki Sugawara, Iwata, Yamashita, and Nagano, 2021, Animals, 11 (2187): 12. Holotype: TRPM-ARA-0000014, by original designation. Type locality:"Nishinomura, Kamionocho, Matsue City, Shimane Prefecture, Chugoku, Japan (35°29′50″ N, 132°55′11″ E; elevation: 100 m above sea level [a.s.l.]; in all cases, datum: WGS84)"Zoobank publication registration:287B9B3A-9E5F-4F6A-BAF6-ADFC3E77B393

English Names

Izumo Salamander (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 118).


Shimane Prefecture, western Honshu, Japan. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Japan

Endemic: Japan


Previously confused with Hynobius utsunomiyaorum, from which it differs in morphology and mtDNA molecular markers demonstrating that it is more closely related to Hynobius akiensis and more similar to Hynboius setoi, according to the original publication. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 118, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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