Hynobius sonani (Maki, 1922)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Hynobius > Species: Hynobius sonani

Salamandrella sonani Maki, 1922, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 34: 636. Type(s): Not designated although likely TIU according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 16; now lost; by implication of statements by Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2, that collection destroyed in WWII, and according to Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 151. Type locality: "Mt. Noko, Taichushu, altitude about 10,000 feet", Taiwan, China, according to Maki, 1928, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 130. Given as "Mt. Moritaka, Formosa" according to Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 18.

Hynobius sonaniDunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 479.

Pseudosalamandra sonaniTago, 1929, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 41: 431.

Hynobius sonaniOkada, 1934, Copeia, 1934: 18.

Hynobius (Poyarius) sonaniDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Hynobius (Makihynobius) sonani —  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 48. 

English Names

Taichu Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Sonan's Hynobiid (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 26).

Sonan's Salamander (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 26).

Yushan Salamander (Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 89).


High elevations in the mountains of northeast-central Taiwan, China, above 2750 m elevation.


In the Hynobius naevius group. Redescribed by Maki, 1928, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 129-131. Reviewed by Sato, 1941, Trans. Nat. Hist. Formosa, 31: 114-124. See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 36, by Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 91-93, and Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 26-27. See Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China, for figure, brief account, and distribution map. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 151-154, provided an account. See brief account by Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 43. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 551. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 47, provided a brief account including photographs and an illustration of specimens. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 48, provided an account, photographs, and map for China. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 59, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 89–90, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.  See account, photograph, and map by Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 183–185. Guo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 59, provided a brief account, photographs, and map.  

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