Paradactylodon Risch, 1984

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Paradactylodon
2 species

Paradactylodon Risch, 1984, Alytes, 3: 44. Type species: Batrachuperus gorganensis Clergue-Gazeau and Thorn, 1979. In error considered a nomen nudum by Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 114.

Iranodon Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77–161. Type species: Batrachuperus persicus Eiselt and Steiner, 1970, by original designation.

Afghanodon Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 157. Type species: Batrachuperus mustersi Smith, 1940, by original designation.

English Names

None noted. 


Hyrcanian forests of the Talysch and Elburz mountains, 310–1500 m, Gilan, Golestan, Ardabil, and Mazandaran provinces, Iran; Paghman Range above Paghman, Gardan Diwal in Koh-i-Baba Massif, Salang Pass to northeast of Kabul, Sanglach in Maidan Province and probably Dasht-i-Nawar, Afghanistan, 2750–3050 m elevation.


Reformulated in content and removed from the synonymy of Batrachuperus (which would otherwise be polyphyletic) by Zhang, Chen, Zhou, Liu, Wang, Papenfuss, Wake, and Qu, 2006, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103: 7360–7365, where it had been placed by Reilly, 1987, Amphibia-Reptilia, 8: 283–284. See Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 107–124, for accounts of most species (as Batrachuperus). Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 83, noted an undescribed species (as Batrachuperus) in Iran. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, suggested a phylogenetic placement of and relationships among species of the genus. Chen, Wang, Liu, Xie, and Jiang, 2011, Curr. Zool., Chengdu, 57: 785–805, reported on a tree of 11 protein-coding mtDNA genes that confirmed the distant relationship of  and Batrachuperus, placing the former nearer to RanodonAhmadzadeh, Shahrokhi, Saberi-Pirooz, Oladi, Taati, Poyarkov, and Rödder, 2020, Amphibia-Reptilia, 41: 519–534, reported on comparative morphology, molecular phylogeography, biogeography, and habitat of the species.

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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