Paradactylodon mustersi (Smith, 1940)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Paradactylodon > Species: Paradactylodon mustersi

Batrachuperus mustersi Smith, 1940, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 11, 5: 382. Holotype: BMNH 1940.3.1.1, by original designation, now renumbered BMNH 1946.9.6.59 according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 2. Type locality: "mountain streams of the Paghman Range, above Paghman [=17 mi. W Kabul], at between 9000 and 10,000 feet altitude", Afghanistan.

Paradactylodon mustersiZhang, Chen, Zhou, Liu, Wang, Papenfuss, Wake, and Qu, 2006, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103: 7364; Zheng, Peng, Kuro-o, and Zeng, 2011, Mol. Biol. Evol., 28: 2521–2535. 

Afghanodon mustersiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Paghman Mountain Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Afghanistan Mountain Salamander (Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 126).


Paghman Range above Paghman, Gardan Diwal in Koh-i-Baba Massif, Salang Pass to northeast of Kabul, Sanglach in Maidan Province and probably Dasht-i-Nawar, Afghanistan, 2750-3050 m elevation.


See Mertens, 1970, Aquar. Terrar. Z., 11: 346-348, Reilly, 1983, J. Herpetol., 17: 1-9, Böhme, 1982, Elaphe, 2: 33-36, Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 119-121, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 57-58, for accounts. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Batrachuperus mustersi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 548.See Zheng, Peng, Kuro-o, and Zeng, 2011, Mol. Biol. Evol., 28: 2521–2535, for demonstration that Iranodon and Afghanodon are sister species and placed in ParadactylodonRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 53–54, provided a brief account, photo, and range map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 126–128, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species, as Paradactylodon mustersi.

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