Salamandrella Dybowski, 1870

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Salamandrella
2 species

Salamandrella Dybowski, 1870, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 20: 237. Type species: Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870, by monotypy.

Isodactylium Strauch, 1870, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, 16 (4): 55. Type species: Isodactylium schrenckii Strauch, 1870 (= Hynobius keyserlingii [Dybowski, 1870]), by original designation. Synonymy by Günther, 1871, Zool. Rec., 7: 80; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 34. Named a junior synonym of Salamandrella Dybowski, 1870, according to Kuzmin, 2008, Izvest. Samarsk. Nauchn. Centra Ross. Akad. Nauk, 10: 447-452.

English Names

Dybowski's Salamanders (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29).

Siberian Salamanders (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 22).

Siberian Newts (Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 103).


Islands of Hokkaido (Japan) and Sakhalin (Russia); Kamchatka to eastern European Russia (up to 45° E), south to northern Mongolia and northeastern China.


Considered a genus distinct from Hynobius by Inukai, 1932, J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Imp. Univ., Ser. 6, Zool., 1: 191-217, and more recently by Fei and Ye, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (4): 32, and Zhao and Hu, 1984, Stud. Chinese Tailed Amph.: 4 (who also reported on phylogenetic relations to other hynobiids). See also Sato, 1943, Monogr. Tailed Batr. Japan: 272-287, for discussion. See Hynobius turkestanicus. Aubert, 2002, Bull. Soc. Etudes Scient. Anjou, N.S.,, 17: 83-109, reviewed the species and regarded it as a member of Hynobius. Berman, Derenko, Malyarchuk, Grzybowski, Kryukov, and Miscicka-Sliwka, 2005, Dokl. Akad. Nauk, 403: 427-429 (Russian version) and Berman, Derenko, Malyarchuk, Grzybowski, Kryukov, and Miscicka-Sliwka, 2005, Dokl. Biol. Sci., 403: 275-278 (English version), discussed mtDNA variation in Far East Russia and recognized two species. Matsui, Yoshikawa, Tominaga, Sato, Takenaka, Tanabe, Nishikawa, and Nakabayashi, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 84-93, discussed the molecular phylogenetics of the two species and their phylogeographic structure. Poyarkov and Kuzmin, 2008, Russ. J. Genet., 44: 948-958, also reported on phylogeography within the complex. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, suggested a phylogenetic placement of the genus. Staniszewski, 2011, Salamand. Newts Eur., N. Afr., W. Asia: 8-9, reviewed the taxonomic history of the genus and (p. 21) provided photographs of living specimens and habitat as well as a range map for the European component of the Salamandrella keyserlingiiSparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 142–146, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.See account, photograph, and map for Chinese species by Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 173–190. Malyarchuk, Derenko, and Litvinov, Russ. J. Genet., 54: 832–837, discussed strong divergence in the RAG1 gene between Salamandrella keyserlingii and Salamandrella tridactyla (as Salamandrella schrenckii). Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 51–55, provided species accounts, covering systematics, life history, and distributions (including a polygon map). Liu, Duan, Wang, Zhao, and Liu, 2024, PLoS One, 19(2: e0298221): 1–14, reported on the molecular (COI) variation within and among Salamandrella keyserlingii and Salamandrella tridactyla populations in northeastern China. 

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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