Aneides hardii (Taylor, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Aneides > Species: Aneides hardii

Plethodon hardii Taylor, 1941, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 54: 77. Holotype: EHT-HMS 23656, by original designation; now FMNH 100103 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 40. Type locality: "Sacramento Mountains (9,000 ft.) at Cloudcroft, [Otero County,] New Mexico", USA.

Aneides hardiiLowe, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 93; Schad, Stewart, and Harrington, 1959, Canad. J. Zool., 37: 229–303.

Aneides hardyiStebbins, 1954, Amph. Rept. W. North Am.: 74. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Aneides (Aneides) hardiiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

English Names

Sacramento Mountains Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 256; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 19; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 177; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 24).

Sacramento Mountain Salamander (Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 135; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 50; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 48; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 5; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11).


High elevations of the Sacramento, Capitan, and White mountains of southern New Mexico, USA.


See detailed accounts by Wake, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 17: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 320–322, and Ramotnik, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 661–662; see also Schad, Stewart, and Harrington, 1959, Canad. J. Zool., 37: 299–303 (morphology), and Pope and Highton, 1980, J. Herpetol., 14: 343–346 (genetics), for study of geographic variation and literature review. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 178, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 413, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Osborne, Cordova, Cameron, and Turner, 2019, Conserv. Genetics, 20: 545–556, discussed the development and differentiation of three lineages/evolutionary significant units found at high elevations of, the Sacramento, Capitan, and White Mountains. Scarpetta, 2019, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 921: 1–23, reviewed the species. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.