Hydromantes Gistel, 1848

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Hydromantes
5 species

Hydromantes Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Type species: Hydromantes platycephalus Camp, 1916, by subsequent designation of the Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (Opinion 1866, Anonymous, 1997, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 54: 72-74), which also placed this name in the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology.

Hydromantoides Lanza and Vanni, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 119. Type species: Spelerpes platycephalus Camp, 1916, by original designation. Placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1866, Anonymous, 1997, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 54: 72-74.

English Names

Web-toed Salamanders (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 195; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).


Northern California, USA.


See comment under Speleomantes for the relevant nomenclatural discussion and a substantial amount of relevant literature. See Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 1236–240, for accounts for HydromantesNardi, 1991, in Green and Sessions (eds.), Amph. Cytogenet. Evol.: 131–156, reported on evidence of phylogeny based on karyology. Rovito, 2010, Mol. Ecol., 19: 454–457, discussed speciation and phylogeography in the California species. Powell, Collins, and Hooper, 2011, Key Herpetofauna U.S. & Canada, 2nd Ed.: 17, provided a key to the North American species. Edgington and Taylor, 2019, PLoS One, 14(5: e0216754): 1–14, reported on ecological correlates to body shape in a phylogenetic context. 

Contained taxa (5 sp.):

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