Uraeotyphlus Peters, 1880

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Ichthyophiidae > Genus: Uraeotyphlus
8 species

Uraeotyphlus Peters, 1880 "1879", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 933. Type species: Coecilia oxyura Duméril and Bibron, 1841, by subsequent designation of Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 307.

UraetyphlusWerner, 1899, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 49: 144. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Indian Caecilians (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 26).

Unicolour Caecilians (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 16).


Western Ghats of southwestern India.


Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 172: 59-76, provided keys and accounts for the species. See comment under Ichthyophiidae. Gower and Wilkinson, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 401-410, recognized two species group, the Uraeotyphlus malabaricus group (Uraeotyphlus oommeni and Uraeotyphlus malabaricus) and the Uraeotyphlus oxyurus group (including Uraeotyphlus interruptus, Uraeotyphlusmenoni, Uraeotyphlus narayani, and Uraeotyphlus oxyurus). Wilkinson and Nussbaum, 2006, In Exbrayat (ed.), Reprod. Biol. Phylog. Gymnophiona: 39-78, discussed evidence for this taxon. Gower, Rajendran, Nussbaum, and Wilkinson, 2008, Herpetologica, 64: 235-245, continued recognition of this taxon as composing a monotypic family, Uraeotyphlidae, within a larger unranked taxon, Diatriata, composed of Uraeotyphlidae and the paraphyletic residue "Ichthyophiidae". Wilkinson and Nussbaum, 2006, In Exbrayat (ed.), Reprod. Biol. Phylog. Gymnophiona: 39-78 [56], rediagnosed the taxon. Venu, Rajendran, Venkatachalaiah, and Gower, 2011, Cytogenet. Genome Res., 132: 182-187, provided karyological data in support of the species groups. Venu, Rajendran, Raju, Browne, Ramakrishna, and Venkatachalaiah, 2021, Ichthyol. & Herpetol., 109: 443–448, discussed karyotypic evolution within the genus. 

Contained taxa (8 sp.):

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