Brasilotyphlus Taylor, 1968

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Siphonopidae > Genus: Brasilotyphlus
3 species

Brasilotyphlus Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 342. Type species: Gymnopis braziliensis Dunn, 1945, by original designation.

English Names

Brazilian Caecilians (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 23).


Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Roraima, and Pará, Brazil (see comment).


Wilkinson and Nussbaum, 2006, In Exbrayat (ed.), Reprod. Biol. Phylog. Gymnophiona: 39-78 [61], diagnosed the taxon and noted that its relationships are unclear, with similarities to Boulengerula and Microcaecilia. Maciel, Mott, and Hoogmoed, 2009, Zootaxa, 2226: 19-27, discussed the diagnosis of the genus and implied that the reciprocal monophyly of Brasilotyphlus and Microcaecilia has not been documented. Maciel and Hoogmoed, 2011, Zootaxa, 2984: 18, noted an unnamed species in Roraima, Brazil, and suggested that Brasilotyphlus and Microcaecilia may ultimately be placed in synonymy because of the lack of diagnosability. Wilkinson, O'Connor, and Nussbaum, 2013, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 744: 1-12, reviewed the morphology. Moraes, Almeida, Fraga, Rojas-Zamora, Pirani, Silva, Carvalho, Gordo, and Werneck, 2017, ZooKeys, 715: 103–159, reported an unnamed Brasilotyphlus from the Serra da Mocidade, state of Roraima, northern Brazil, and presented additional phylogenetic information that casts doubt on the generic separation of Microcaecilia and BrasilotyphlusCorreia, Nunes, Gamble, Maciel, Marques-Souza, Fouquet, Rodrigues, and Mott, 2018, Zootaxa, 4527: 186–196, provided a molecular basis for questioning the recognition of this genus separate from Microcaecilia. 

Contained taxa (3 sp.):

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