Espadarana andina (Rivero, 1968)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Centrolenidae > Subfamily: Centroleninae > Genus: Espadarana > Species: Espadarana andina

Centrolenella andina Rivero, 1968, Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 28: 317. Holotype: MCZ 72502, by original designation. Type locality: "La Azulita, 1050 m, Estado Mérida, Venezuela".

Centrolenella lentiginosa Rivero, 1985, Brenesia, 23: 341. Holotype: UPRM 5558, by original designation. Type locality: "Guacharaquita, entre La Grita y P[ára]mo. de la Negra, 1768 m, Edo. Táchira, Venezuela". Synonymy by Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1995, Lozania, 64: 1.

Centrolene andinumRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 19.

Centrolene lentiginosumRuiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 20.

Espadarana andinaGuayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Trueb, Ayarzagüena, Rada, and Vilà, 2009, Zootaxa, 2100: 33.

English Names

Andes Giant Glass Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 46).


Northern slopes of Mérida Andes and Sierra de Perijá, western Venezuela (800 to 2050 m elevation), and the western slope of the Cordillera Oriental in the departments of Norte de Santander, Cundinamarca, Boyacá, and Tolima, Colombia (1630–2200 m elevation).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Venezuela


In the Centrolene prosoblepon group according to Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1991, Lozania, 57: 1-30. Mijares-Urrutia, 1990, J. Herpetol., 24: 410–412, described larval morphology. See account by Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch, 1995, Lozania, 64: 1-11. Lynch and Renjifo, 2001, Guia Anf. Rept. Bogota: 38, presented a brief account and photograph. Señaris and Ayarzagüena, 2005, Rev. Taxonom. Fam. Centrolenidae de Venezuela: 67-78, provided a review of the morphology, natural history, and range of this species (as Centrolene andinum). Rada and Guayasamin, 2008, Pap. Avulsos Zool., São Paulo, 48: 97-99, provided a range extension in Colombia. Rojas-Runjaic, Infante-Rivero, and Cabello, 2012, Check List, 8: 819-825, provided a number of new localities in Venezuela. Cabanzo-Olarte and Ortega-Chinchilla, 2018, Catal. Anf. Rept. Colombia, Medellín, 4(1): 16–22, provided a detailed account for Colombia.  See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 21, for comments on range and literature. Mijares-Urrutia, 1998, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 46: 119–143, characterized the larval morphology as part of a key to the tadpoles of the high elevation frogs in Venezuela. 

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