Nanorana minica (Dubois, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Dicroglossinae > Genus: Nanorana > Species: Nanorana minica

Rana (Paa) minica Dubois, 1975, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, Zool., 324: 1100. Holotype: MNHNP 1974.1484, by original designation. Type locality: "Dial Bajar, au sud de Chainpur, sur la riviére Seti, Ouest-Népal, 29° 26′ N, 81° 08′ E, altitute 1000 m".

Rana (Paa) tuberculata Tilak and Roy, 1985, Zool. Anz., 215: 231. Holotype: ZSI-NRS A-1, by original designation. Type locality: "Keel Gad, Roadside west of Purari, 5 km west of Chakrata, District Dehra Dun, [Chakrata Hills,] Uttar Pradesh, altitude-2000 m", India. Synonymy by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 339.

Paa (Paa) minicaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 320.

Nanorana minicaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 367.

Chaparana (Paa) minicaOhler and Dubois, 2006, Zoosystema, 28: 781.

Paa minicaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 26.

Nanorana (Minipaa) minica — Tang, Liu, and Yu, 2023, Animals, 13(3427): 17.

English Names

Nepal Paa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102).

Tiny Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65).

Dubois' Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 128).

Small Paa Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79).

Small Hill Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 4). 


Western and eastern Nepal and Uttar Pradesh and Himanchal Pradesh (northern India), 1000 to over 2400 m elevation; photograph identified as this species from Bumthang District, Bhutan.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bhutan, India, Nepal


See account by Dubois, 1976, Cah. Nepal., Doc., 6: 146–158. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 128, 215, provided a brief account (as Rana minica). Ray, 1999, Mem. Zool. Surv. India, 18: 44–50, provided an account of Rana (Paa) tuberculata. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 276–279, provided an account for the Nepal population. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 152, provided range, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Paa minica) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 491. Mehta, 2005, in Alfred (ed.), Fauna W. Himalaya, Part 2: 270, reported the species in Himanchal Pradesh, India, without noting specific localities. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature. Not addressed, and therefore not assigned to subgenus, by Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 13765–13770, and Che, Zhou, Hu, Papenfuss, Wake, and Zhang, 2010, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., doi:10.1073/pnas.1008415107/-/DCSupplemental: 2. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 65, for brief account (as Paa minica). Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful. Wangyal, Bower, Sherub, Tshewang, Wangdi, Rinchen, Puntsho, Tashi, Koirala, Bhandari, Phuntsho, Koirala, Ghalley, Chaida, Tenzin, Powrel, Tshewang, Raika, Jamtsho, Kinley, Gyeltshen, Tashi, Nidup, Wangdi, Phuentsho, Norbu, Wangdi, Wangchuk, Tobgay, Dorji, and Das, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 793, identified a photograph of this species from Bhutan. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, did not include this species in their list of the Nepal fauna. Raj, Vasudevan, Aggarwal, Dutta, Sahoo, Mahapatra, Sharma, Janani, Kar, and Dubois, 2023, Alytes, 39–40: 36–40, reported (as Paa minica) on larval morphology of genetically-confirmed specimens from Himanchal Pradesh, India. 

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