Occidozyga sumatrana (Peters, 1877)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Occidozyga > Species: Occidozyga sumatrana

Microdiscopus sumatranus Peters, 1877, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1877: 422. Holotype: ZMB 9123 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 49. Type locality: "Sumatra", Indonesia.

Occidozyga sumatranaIskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 79.

Phrynoglossus sumatranaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 30. Gender disagreement. See comment under Dicroglossidae.

English Names

Puddle Frog (Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 19 [as Occidozyga laevis]).

Yellow-bellied Puddle Frog (Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 19 [as Occidozyga laevis]).

Sumatran Puddle Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 79).

Orange-headed Flood Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 97 [as Phrynoglossus laevis]).

Smooth-backed Puddle Frog (McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 35 [as Occidozyga laevis]).


Sumatra, Bali, Java; possibly in Borneo and the Malay Peninsula, possibly to southern China and West Bengal, India (see comment).


Resurrected from the synonymy of Occidozyga laevis by Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 79 (although restricted to Sumatra), where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 6. The distribution is provisional because of long-standing confusion with Occidozyga laevis. See brief account (as Phrynoglossus laevis) and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 102. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 97, provided a brief characterization (as Phrynoglossus laevis) and photograph, which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, did not think was identifiable beyond genus. Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 240-243; and Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 401-404, provided accounts of this species as Occidozyga laevis. See also Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 59-60. See comment under Occidozyga laevis. Reported (as Occidozyga laevis) from Hainan I., China, by Song, Jang, Zou, and Shi, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 69-79. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 157-158, provided an account (as Occidozyga laevis). Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23, provided specific localities for Vietnam (as Occidozyga laevis). Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61-74 (presumably based on Occidozyga sumatrana). McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 35-36, provided a brief account and photograph (as Occidozyga laevis). Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 58, provided a photograph and brief account, as Occidozyga laevisDas, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 152, provided a brief description (as Occidozyga laevis). Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 222, provided a brief account for Thailand (as Occidozyga laevis). 

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