Dryophytes immaculatus (Boettger, 1888)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Dryophytes > Species: Dryophytes immaculatus

English Names

Spotless Tree Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 140).

North China Tree Toad (Boring, Liu, and Chou, 1932, Handb. N. China, Amph. Rept.: 29).

Chinese Immaculate Treefrog (Borzée, Messenger, Chae, Andersen, Groffen, Kim, An, Othman, Ri, Nam, Bae, Ren, Li, Chuang, Yi, Shin, Kwon, Jang, and Min, 2020, PLoS One, 15(6: e0234299): 22). 

Distribution

Eastern-central China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing [doubtful], Fujian [questionable], Guizhou [questionable], Guangdong [questionable], Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Inner Mongolia, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shanxi,  Shandong, Sichuan [doubtful], Zhejiang). See comment regarding the confidence in the range statement. 

Comment

In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101-102 (see comment under Hyla). In the Hyla immaculata group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 99. Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246-259, presented molecular evidence for its placement in the Hyla japonica group; this confirmed by  Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. See account (as Hyla arborea immaculata) by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 127-128, Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 186. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 142-143, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 160, provided a brief account and illustration. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 49, provided an account (as Hyla arborea immaculata) for Zhejiang populations. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198-199, provided a key to differentiate this species from others in China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 595-600, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 254-255, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 286, provided an account, illustrations, and a range map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 852–854, provided an account, photograph, and spot map, as Hyla immaculataShen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 187–189, provided a detailed account (as Hyla immaculata) for Hunan, China. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 36, provided a brief account (as Hyla immaculata) for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Zhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 104–105, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population (as Hyla immaculata) in northeastern Guizhou, China. Borzée, Kong, Didinger, Nguyen, and Jang, 2018, Herpetol. J., 28: 160–170, discussed mtDNA phylogeography and osteological and morphological differences from Dryophytes suweonensis (in the sense of including Dryophytes flaviventris). Previous records from Korea are referrable to Dryophytes flaviventris and Dryophytes suweonensis. Note that the range map(s) from IUCN and AmphibiaChina, rendered together by Borzée, Kong, Didinger, Nguyen, and Jang, 2018, Herpetol. J., 28: 162, are substantially restricted with respect to the range stated above, which suggests a substantial number of misidentifications in the older literature. 

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