Hyla chinensis Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla chinensis

Hyla arborea var. chinensis Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 328. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.23.97–98 (formerly 1854.3.21.13), 1947.2.23.92–96 (formerly 1858.11.1.1–5), 1947.2.24.1–2 (formerly 1859.12.20.8–9), and 1947.2.23.99 (formerly 1860.3.19.1102) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 89); Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 45, considered BMNH 1947.2.23.93 to be the holotype (= implicit lectotype designation). Type locality: "China"; given by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 382, as "China", "Formosa", and "Chusan?". Lectotype from "China".

Hyla chinensisGünther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 436. Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 381; Schmidt, 1927, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 54: 561; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 261; Boring, 1938 "1938–1939", Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 13: 94; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225.

Hyla arborea var. chinensisBoettger, 1885, Ber. Offenbach. Ver. Naturkd., 24–25: 164.

Hyla arborea var. sinensisGee, 1919, J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S.,, 50: 184. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyla chinensis chinensisNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 201.

Hyla sanchiangensis Pope, 1929, Am. Mus. Novit., 352: 2. Holotype: AMNH 30198, by original designation. Type locality: "San Chiang [=Sangang], Chungan Hsien [now Wuyishan City], northwestern Fukien [= Fujian] Province, China, 3000-3500 feet altitude". Synonym by Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 712. 

Hyla sanchiangensis — Boring, 1930, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 5: 43; Boring, 1938 "1938–1939", Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 13: 94; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225.

Hyla chinensis sanchiangensis — Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 224.

Hyla (Hyla) chinensis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Common Chinese Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 54; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Common Chinese Treetoad (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Chinese Tree Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146).

San Chiang Treefrog (Hyla sanchiangensis [no longer recognied]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 57).

Sanchiang Tree Toad/Frog (Hyla sanchiangensis [no longer recognied]: Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 834).   

Distribution

Northern Guangdong and northeastern Guangxi north through Fujian to southern Henan and Jiangsu; Taiwan; northeastern Vietnam. 

Comment

In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101–102 (see comment under Hyla), and Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246–259. In the Hyla chinensis group of Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. See Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 466; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225; Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 64–66; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 132–134, for discussion. See account by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 201. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146–147, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as well as excluding southern China and Vietnam from its distribution). Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 50–51, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 63, provided an account for northeastern Guangxi. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198–199, provided a key to differentiate this species from others in China. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 18, provided a specific locality for Vietnam (Tam Dao, Vinh Phuc Province). Because Hyla chinensis in China are far distant from Vietnam one must question the identification of the sole Vietnam record; presumably this record actually represents Hyla sanchiangensis (DRF). Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 28, also questioned this record. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32–33, provided a brief account for Taiwan. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 644–649, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 246–247, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 275–277, provided an account, photographs, and range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 832–834, provided an account, photograph, and spot map. Guo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 64–65, provided a brief account, photographs, and map. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 184–187, provided a detailed account for Hunan, China. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Duong, Gorin, and Yang, 2018, PeerJ, 6 (e5771): 17, provided a record for Cat Ba National Park, Hai Phong Province, Vietnam. Yan, Pan, Wu, Kang, Ali, Zhou, Li, Wu, and Zhang, 2020, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 8 (234): 1–13, reported on the phylogenetics of the Hyla chinensis group. 

Former Hyla sanchiangensis: Closely allied to Hyla chinensis, according to the original publication, and a 'high altitude form of chinensis' according to Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 463. See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 134–136, and Ma, Yu, and Wen, 1982, Nat. Hist., Beijing, 1982: 37. See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 203; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 148–149. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 51–53, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 65, provided an account for Guangxi. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198–199, provided a key to differentiate this species from others in China. In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 102 (but see comment under Hyla regarding possible membership in the Hyla japonica group). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 649, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 287, provided an account, illustrations, and a range map. In the Hyla chinensis group of Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 834–836, provided an account, photograph, and spot map. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 193–196, provided a detailed account for Hunan, China, although the identification of this population requires verification. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 39, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Chen, Lin, Ma, Ding, and Lin, 2020, MtDNA, Part B, 5: 2682–2683, reported on a partial mitochondrial genome.  Yan, Pan, Wu, Kang, Ali, Zhou, Li, Wu, and Zhang, 2020, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 8 (234): 1–13 , provided genetically confirmed records from western Guangxi near the Vietnam border, and southern Anhui, China. On the basis of geography alone, it would seem that the isolated record from Tam Dao, Vinh Phuc Province, Vietnam (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 18), may be referrable to this species (DRF).      

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