Hyla chinensis Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla chinensis

Hyla arborea var. chinensis Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 328. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.23.97–98 (formerly 1854.3.21.13), 1947.2.23.92–96 (formerly 1858.11.1.1–5), 1947.2.24.1–2 (formerly 1859.12.20.8–9), and 1947.2.23.99 (formerly 1860.3.19.1102) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 89); Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 45, considered BMNH 1947.2.23.93 to be the holotype (= implicit lectotype designation). Type locality: "China"; given by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 382, as "China", "Formosa", and "Chusan?". Lectotype from "China".

Hyla chinensisGünther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 436. Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 381; Schmidt, 1927, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 54: 561; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 261; Boring, 1938 "1938–1939", Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 13: 94; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225.

Hyla arborea var. chinensisBoettger, 1885, Ber. Offenbach. Ver. Naturkd., 24–25: 164.

Hyla arborea var. sinensisGee, 1919, J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S.,, 50: 184. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyla chinensis chinensisNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 201.

Hyla (Hyla) chinensis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Common Chinese Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 54; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Common Chinese Treetoad (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Chinese Tree Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146).

Distribution

Central China (from northeastern Guangxi and southeastern Hunan to southern Henan and east to Jiangsu, east to southern Jiangsu and south to Guangdong,) at elevations of 200 to 1000 m; Taiwan; isolated record in northern Vietnam (Vinh Phuc and Hai Phong Provinces); see comment.

Comment

In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101–102 (see comment under Hyla), and Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246–259. In the Hyla chinensis group of Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. See Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 466; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225; Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 64–66; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 132–134, for discussion. See account by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 201. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146–147, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as well as excluding southern China and Vietnam from its distribution). Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 50–51, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 63, provided an account for northeastern Guangxi. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198–199, provided a key to differentiate this species from others in China. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 18, provided a specific locality for Vietnam (Tam Dao, Vinh Phuc Province). Because Hyla chinensis in China are far distant from Vietnam one must question the identification of the sole Vietnam record; presumably this record actually represents Hyla sanchiangensis (DRF). Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 28, also questioned this record. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32–33, provided a brief account for Taiwan. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 644–649, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 246–247, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 275–277, provided an account, photographs, and range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 832–834, provided an account, photograph, and spot map. Guo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 64–65, provided a brief account, photographs, and map. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 184–187, provided a detailed account for Hunan, China. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Duong, Gorin, and Yang, 2018, PeerJ, 6 (e5771): 17, provided a record for Cat Ba National Park, Hai Phong Province, Vietnam. Yan, Pan, Wu, Kang, Ali, Zhou, Li, Wu, and Zhang, 2020, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 8 (234): 1–13, reported on the phylogenetics of the Hyla chinensis group.     

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