Hyla chinensis Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Hyla > Species: Hyla chinensis

Hyla arborea var. chinensis Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 328. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.23.97–98 (formerly 1854.3.21.13), 1947.2.23.92–96 (formerly 1858.11.1.1–5), 1947.2.24.1–2 (formerly 1859.12.20.8–9), and 1947.2.23.99 (formerly 1860.3.19.1102) according to Condit, 1964, J. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 89); Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 45, considered BMNH 1947.2.23.93 to be the holotype (= implicit lectotype designation). Type locality: "China"; given by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 382, as "China", "Formosa", and "Chusan?". Lectotype from "China".

Hyla chinensisGünther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 436. Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 381; Schmidt, 1927, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 54: 561; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 261; Boring, 1938 "1938–1939", Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 13: 94; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225.

Hyla arborea var. chinensisBoettger, 1885, Ber. Offenbach. Ver. Naturkd., 24–25: 164.

Hyla arborea var. sinensisGee, 1919, J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S.,, 50: 184. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyla chinensis chinensisNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 201.

Hyla (Hyla) chinensis — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 331, by implication. 

English Names

Common Chinese Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 54; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Common Chinese Treetoad (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32).

Chinese Tree Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146).


Central China (from northeastern Guangxi and southeastern Hunan to southern Henan and east to Jiangsu, east to southern Jiangsu and south to Guangdong, including Taiwan) at elevations of 200 to 1000 m; isolated record in northern Vietnam (Vinh Phuc and Hai Phong Provinces); see comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Taiwan, Vietnam


In the Hyla arborea group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 101–102 (see comment under Hyla), and Hua, Fu, Li, Nieto-Montes de Oca, and Wiens, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 246–259. In the Hyla chinensis group of Li, Wang, Nian, Litvinchuk, Wang, Li, Rao, and Klaus, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 87: 80–90. See Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 466; Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 225; Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 64–66; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 223–226; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 132–134, for discussion. See account by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 201. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 146–147, provided a brief account, map, and figure (as well as excluding southern China and Vietnam from its distribution). Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 50–51, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 63, provided an account for northeastern Guangxi. Zhang, 2002, Sichuan J. Zool., 21: 198–199, provided a key to differentiate this species from others in China. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 18, provided a specific locality for Vietnam (Tam Dao, Vinh Phuc Province). Because Hyla chinensis in China are far distant from Vietnam one must question the identification of the sole Vietnam record; presumably this record actually represents Hyla sanchiangensis (DRF). Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 28, also questioned this record. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 32–33, provided a brief account for Taiwan. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 644–649, provided an account and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 246–247, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 275–277, provided an account, photographs, and range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 832–834, provided an account, photograph, and spot map. Guo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 64–65, provided a brief account, photographs, and map. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 184–187, provided a detailed account for Hunan, China. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Duong, Gorin, and Yang, 2018, PeerJ, 6 (e5771): 17, provided a record for Cat Ba National Park, Hai Phong Province, Vietnam. Yan, Pan, Wu, Kang, Ali, Zhou, Li, Wu, and Zhang, 2020, Frontiers Ecol. Evol., 8 (234): 1–13, reported on the phylogenetics of the Hyla chinensis group. 

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