Pelobates cultripes (Cuvier, 1829)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pelobatidae > Genus: Pelobates > Species: Pelobates cultripes

Rana cultripes Cuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 105. Types: Not designated, although MNHNP 0.4554, by museum records. Type locality: "Notre midi produit une grenouille (R. cultripes, Nob.)", which translates roughly as "the south of our country harbors the frog R. cultripes, Nob.)"; given as "south of France" by Cuvier, 1831, Animal Kingdom (M'Murtrie), 2: 79.

Rana calcarata Michahelles, 1830, Isis von Oken, 23: 807. Types: Not designated. Type locality: "prope Malagam", Spain. Synonymy (with Pelobates fuscus) by Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. 23): 119; Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 444; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 345; placed in synonymy of Pelobates cultripes by Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 92, Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 38, and Schulze, 1891, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1890: 174.

Cultripes provincialis Müller, 1832, Isis von Oken, 25: 538. Type(s): Not designated, although likely originally in the MNHNP. Type locality: "Provence", France. Synonymy by Schinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 221; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 83; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 483; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 40; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 92; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 438.

Bufo calcaratusSchinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 233.

Rana cultripes cultripes — Schinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 221, by implication.

Pelabates calcaratusSchinz, 1833, Naturgesch. Abbild Rept.: 233. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Pelobates, attributed to Wagler.

Pelobates cultripesTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 83. Boscá, 1877, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 6: 62.

Cultripes cultripesLeunis, 1844, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 1: 146. Leunis, 1860, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 2: 146.

Didocus calcaratusCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 81.

English Names

Western Spadefoot (Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 67; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 108; Lizana, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 108; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 68).

Iberian Spadefoot Toad (Lizana, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 108).

Spanish Spadefoot (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 62).

Spanish Spadefoot Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 108).

Iberian Spadefoot (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 51).

Wagler's Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Distribution

Iberian Peninsula (excluding central coastal Portugal and the Pyrenean regions of Spain) and southern and western France in isolated populations.

Comment

Lizana, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 108-109, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 272-274, provided an account and polygon map. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 68-69, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Lizana, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 140-142, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Llorente, Montori, Santos, and Carretero, 1995, Atlas Amf. Rept. Catalunya Andorra: 61-63, provided an account and detailed range map for Catalunya. : 122–123, reported on a population in the Garraf Massif, Municipality of Gavà, Catalonia, Spain. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 627. Crottini, Galán, and Vences, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: 443-448, reported on mitochondrial variation in northwestern Spain. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 69-71, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain and adjacent France. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 141–142, provided a brief account and range map. Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Barbosa, and Martínez-Solano, 2017, J. Biogeograph., 44: 245–258, reported on molecular phylogeography as well as a biogeographical history reconstruction. Dufresnes, Strachinis, Tzoras, Litvinchuk, and Denoël, 2019, ZooKeys, 859: 131–158, provided a brief account, reporting on range and relationships. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 54, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. 

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