Pipa Laurenti, 1768

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pipidae > Subfamily: Pipinae > Genus: Pipa
7 species

Pipa Laurenti, 1768, Spec. Med. Exhib. Synops. Rept.: 24. Type species: Pipa americana Laurenti, 1768 (= Rana pipa Linnaeus, 1758), by monotypy.

Piparius Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 78. Substitute name for "Pipa Dum.".

Asterodactylus Wagler, 1827, Isis von Oken, 20: 726. Substitute name for Pipa Laurenti.

Leptopus Mayer, 1835, Analect. Vergl. Anat.: 34. Type species: Leptopus asterodactylus Mayer, 1835 (= Rana pipa Linnaeus, 1758), by subsequent designation of Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 1. Substitute name for Asterodactylus Wagler, 1830. Preoccupied by Leptopus Latreille, 1809. Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 765; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 459.

AstrodactylusHogg, 1839, Mag. Nat. Hist., N.S., 3: 271. See also Hogg, 1838, Ann. Nat. Hist., London, 1: 152, for implied use of this name as the root of Astrodactylidae. Presumably an incorrect subsequent spelling of Asterodactylus Wagler, 1827.

Protopipa Noble, 1925, Am. Mus. Novit., 164: 1. Type species: Pipa aspera Müller, 1924. Synonymy by Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 1-8.

Hemipipa Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 1937: 26. Type species: Protopipa carvalhoi Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937. Synonymy by Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384: 1-8; Trueb and Cannatella, 1986, Herpetologica, 42: 427.

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Pipa verrucosa Wiegmann, 1832, in Wiegmann and Ruthe (eds.), Handbuch der Zool., Amph.: 200. Type(s): Not stated, but presumably originally in ZMB. Type locality: "Guiana, Brasilien".

English Names

Pipa (Shaw, 1802, Gen. Zool., 3(1): 167).

Surinam Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Neotropical Watertoads (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 15). 


Northern South America and Panama.

Geographics occurrence

Natural resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela


Dunn, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1384, reviewed the genus. See also Trueb and Cannatella, 1986, Herpetologica, 42: 412-449, for review and accounts for the species. Trueb and Massemin, 2001, Amphibia-Reptilia, 22: 33-54, reported on phylogenetics. Fouquet, Cornuault, Rodrigues, Werneck, Hrbek, Acosta-Galvis, Massemin, Kok, and Ernst, 2022, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 170 (107442): 1–14, reported on molecular phylogenetics and biogeography. 

Contained taxa (7 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.