Glandirana Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Glandirana
6 species

English Names

None noted.


Korea and northeastern China, possibly in adjacent Ussuri region of Russia, south to southeastern China; Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Is., Japan; introduced into Hawaii, USA


Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 113, provided a key to the Chinese species of Rugosa (sensu stricto). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1089–1105, provided accounts and keys as both Rugosa and Glandirana, implicitly rejecting the synonymy of Rugosa without addressing the lack of evidence of reciprocal monophyly of the two taxa. Kurabayashi, Yoshikawa, Sato, Hayashi, Oumi, Fujii, and Sumida, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 543–553, noted a DNA translocation that may be a synapomorphy for Glandirana plus Hylarana (and possibly a larger group of genera not included in that analysis). Sekiya, Miura, and Ogata, 2012, Zootaxa, 3575: 49–62, suggested that Rugosa and Glandirana should not be considered synonyms because Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217–1231, did not recover this taxon as monophyletic. However, Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, in their more data-and-taxon-dense study did recover the taxon as monophyletic and the sister taxon of what is now Sanguirana with low statistical support and for that reason is retained here. Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 422, found Sanguirana as the sister taxon of their Rugosa with Glandirana minima outside of this group with low statistical support. While this may well be correct, molecular work is needed. 

Contained taxa (6 sp.):

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