Glandirana emeljanovi (Nikolskii, 1913)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Glandirana > Species: Glandirana emeljanovi

English Names

Imienpo Station Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Northeast China Rough-skinned Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 184).


Korean Peninsula and northeastern China from southeastern Heilongjiang to southeastern Liaoning; possibly into adjacent Far East Russia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Korea, Democratic People's Republic (North), Korea, Republic of (South)

Likely/Controversially Present: Russia


Removed from the synonymy of Rana rugosa by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 184, where it had been placed by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 141, and Bannikov, Darevsky, Eshchenko, Rustamov, and Shcherbak, 1977, Operd. Zemn. I Presm. Fauny SSSR: 57. The recognition of this taxon is supported by the allozymic results of Yang, Min, Kim, Suh, and Kang, 2000, Korean J. Biol. Sci., 4: 23–30, who noted that Korean and Japanese populations of "Rana rugosa" are distinct species. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 70–71, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea (as Rana rugosa). Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 343–344, discussed this taxon (as Rana rugosa emeljanovi) and noted that no specimen exists for Russia, although there is a chance that it occurs in the Korean border area. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1090–1095, provided an account (as Rugosa emjanovi), figures, and map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 294–295, provided a brief account(as Rugosa emeljanovi) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 332–333, provided an account (as Rugosa emeljanovi), photographs, and a range map for China that suggests its absence in Russia. Li, Lian, and Lu, 2010, Res. Tadpoles Liaoning: 51–54, described and pictured the larva. Dot map and discussion of status for North Korea, as Rana rugosa, provided by Song, 2016, J. Natl. Park Res., Rep. Korea, 7: 211–217.  Liu, Tao, Wang, Zhao, and Liu, 2017, MtDNA, Part B, 2: 383–384, reported on the complete mtDNA genome. Eo, Lee, Park, Jung, Hong, and Lee, 2019, MtDNA, Part B, 4: 961–962, noted on the basis of the complete mtDNA genome that the Korean and Chinese populations are conspecific and distinct from Glandirana rugosaBorzée, Litvinchuk, Ri, Andersen, Nam, Jon, Man, Choe, Kwon, Othman, Messenger, Bae, Shin, Kim, Maslova, Luedtke, Hobin, Moores, Seliger, Glenk, and Jang, 2021, Animals, 11 (2057): 1–37, provided locality records, a distribution map as well as modeled distribution, life history comments, and conservation status for P.D.R. Korea. Andersen, Chuang, Choe, Kim, Kwon, Jang, and Borzée, 2022, Zool. Stud., Taipei, 61(25): 1–10, reported on the elevational range (0–1198 m) in Rep. Korea.  

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