Glandirana emeljanovi (Nikolskii, 1913)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Glandirana > Species: Glandirana emeljanovi

English Names

Imienpo Station Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Northeast China Rough-skinned Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 184).


Korean Peninsula and northeastern China from southeastern Heilongjiang to southeastern Liaoning; possibly into adjacent Far East Russia.


Removed from the synonymy of Rana rugosa by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 332, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 184, where it had been placed by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 141, and Bannikov, Darevsky, Eshchenko, Rustamov, and Shcherbak, 1977, Operd. Zemn. I Presm. Fauny SSSR: 57. The recognition of this taxon is supported by the allozymic results of Yang, Min, Kim, Suh, and Kang, 2000, Korean J. Biol. Sci., 4: 23-30, who noted that Korean and Japanese populations of "Rana rugosa" are distinct species. Yang, Kim, Min, and Suh, 2001, Monogr. Korean Amph.: 70-71, provided a brief account, figure, and map for South Korea (as Rana rugosa). Kuzmin and Maslova, 2003, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 8: 343-344, discussed this taxon (as Rana rugosa emeljanovi) and noted that no specimen exists for Russia, although there is a chance that it occurs in the Korean border area. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1090–1095, provided an account (as Rugosa emjanovi), figures, and map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 294–295, provided a brief account(as Rugosa emeljanovi) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 332–333, provided an account (as Rugosa emeljanovi), photographs, and a range map for China that suggests its absence in Russia. Li, Lian, and Lu, 2010, Res. Tadpoles Liaoning: 51–54, described and pictured the larva. Dot map and discussion of status for North Korea, as Rana rugosa, provided by Song, 2016, J. Natl. Park Res., Rep. Korea, 7: 211–217.  Liu, Tao, Wang, Zhao, and Liu, 2017, MtDNA, Part B, 2: 383–384, reported on the complete mtDNA genome. Eo, Lee, Park, Jung, Hong, and Lee, 2019, MtDNA, Part B, 4: 961–962, noted on the basis of the complete mtDNA genome that the Korean and Chinese populations are conspecific and distinct from Glandirana rugosa.  

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