Salamandrina Fitzinger, 1826

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Salamandrininae > Genus: Salamandrina
2 species

Salamandrina Fitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 41, 66. Type species: Salamandra perspicillata Savi, 1821, by monotypy. Synonymy (with Seiranota) by Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 450; Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 29.

Seiranota Barnes, 1826, Am. J. Sci. Arts, 11: 278. Type species: Seiranota condylura Barnes, 1826 by monotypy. Synonymy by Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 450; Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 68; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 28.

SiranotaCope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 108. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Spectacled Salamanders (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 33; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36).


Mountains of Italy from near Genoa to Calabria.


Weisrock, Papenfuss, Macey, Litvinchuk, Polymeni, Uğurtaş, Zhao, Jowkar, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 855–857, suggested that this taxon forms the sister taxon of the remaining Pleurodelinae, although they discussed evidentiary ambiguities. Zhang, Papenfuss, Wake, Qu, and Wake, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 586–597, provided additional evidence for this placement. Romano, Mattoccia, Marta, Bogaerts, Pasmans, and Sbordoni, 2009, Ital. J. Zool., 76: 422-432, distinguished the two species morphologically. Hauswaldt, Angelini, Pollok, and Steinfartz, 2011, J. Zool., London, 284: 248–256, documented molecular markers of a hybrid zone between the two species in Italy. Mattoccia, Marta, Romano, and Sbordoni, 2011, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 104: 903–922, also reported on secondary contact and biogeographic phylogeography. Liuzzi, Mastropasqua, and Salvi, 2011, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 6: 315–321, provided additional distributional data and discussed the ranges of both species. Hauswaldt, Angelini, Gehara, Benavides, Polok, and Steinfartz, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 70: 1–12, reported on the phylogenetics and phylogeography of the species. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 191, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 335–339, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Ventura, Ciofi, Natali, and Mattoccia, 2015, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 63: 170–173, reported on microsatellite differentiation between Salamandrina terdigitata and Salamandrina perspicillata

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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