Dendrophryniscus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Dendrophryniscus
16 species

Dendrophryniscus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 65. Type species: Dendrophryniscus brevipollicatus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870, by monotypy.

English Names

Tree Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 44).


Atlantic forests of Brazil.


McDiarmid, 1971, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 12: 49, considered Dendrophryniscus to be most closely related to Melanophryniscus. Cannatella, 1986, Herpetologica, 42: 197-205, considered it to be the sister-taxon of Oreophrynella. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 129, suggested that Dendrophryniscus is placed in a pectinate tree above the level of the branches leading to Osornophryne, Atelopus, and Melanophryniscus (and likely, Truebella) and that any similarities to these genera is due to retention of plesiomorphic characteristics. Izecksohn, 1994 "1993", Rev. Brasil. Zool., 10: 473-488, provided a key to the species. Graybeal and Cannatella, 1995, Herpetologica, 51: 121, suggested evidence supporting the monophyly of this taxon. Van Bocxlaer, Biju, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Evol. Biol., 9 (e131): 1-10, suggested that Dendrophryniscus is the sister taxon of all bufonids, excluding Melanophryniscus (although the atelopodines and Truebella were not included in the analysis). Van Bocxlaer, Loader, Roelants, Biju, Menegon, and Bossuyt, 2010, Science, 327: 679-682, suggested that Dendrophryniscus is the sister taxon of all bufonids, excluding Melanophryniscus, Atelopus, Osornophryne, and Oreophrynella (but could not include Truebella in their analysis). Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed this arrangement (although not studying Oreophrynella). Portik and Papenfuss, 2015, BMC Evol. Biol., 15 (152): 1–19.\, recovered Dendrophryniscus as the sister taxon of all bufonids, excluding Melanophryniscus. Fouquet, Recoder, Teixeira, Cassimiro, Amaro, Camacho, Damasceno, Carnaval, Moritz, and Rodrigues, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 62: 826-838, partitioned Dendrophryniscus into Dendrophyniscus and Amazonella. Cruz, Caramaschi, Fusinatto, and Brasileiro, 2019, Zootaxa, 4648: 27–62, reviewed Dendrophryniscus brevipollicatus, resulting in the redelimitation of that species, a phylogenetic analysis of the genus, and the naming of four new species. 

Contained taxa (16 sp.):

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