Occidozyga lima (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Occidozyga > Species: Occidozyga lima

Occidozyga lima Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Algemeene Konst-en Letter-Bode, 7: 103. Nomen nudum. 

Ooeidozyga lima Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Isis von Oken, 10: 475; Tian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 63.

Bombinator lima Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.:85, alternative name to reference jar label names in the MNHNP, RMNH, and "Francof." (= SMF)

Rana lima Gravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 41. Type(s): Not stated, although likely originally in the Breslau Museum. Type locality: "Java", Indonesia.

Oxyglossus limaTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 6; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 5; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 264. Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 50, regarded Oxyglossus lima as a new name attributed to Tschudi, 1838, and with the syntypes in the RMNH (2247–2247a) as well as in MNHNP, RMNH, and "Francof." [= SMF].

Oxydozyga braccata Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 334. Nomen nudum attributed to Kuhl.

Bombinator limaDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 334.

Oxyglossis limaSmith, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 172. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name.

Oxydozyga limaStejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 33.

Ooeidozyga limaSmith, 1927, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1927: 202–203; Smith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 92, 135.

Oxyglossus lima chinensis Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 222. Status of name uncertain; Liu and Hu ascribed it to Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 506, although it does not appear in that paper.

Occidozyga limaDubois, 1982, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 4: XXX.

Occidozyga (Occidozyga) limaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 58.

English Names

Java Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 38).

Green Puddle Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 78).

Puddle Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65).

Pointed-tongue Floating Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 246).

Floating Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90).

Aquatic Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90).

Common Puddle Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 122).

Green Puddle Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23).

Green Floating Frog (Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 95)

Gray-green Puddlefrog (Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 39). 

Gray-green Puddle Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 5).


Known with assuredness only from Java, Indonesia, with the remainder of the range as currently understood to be composed of unnamed species: West Bengal (India) through Bangladesh, Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon, Mon, Tanintharyi), southern China, Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos, Vietnam, to Malaya (Malaysia) and Bali, Indonesia. See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 346–350; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 398–401; and Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 481–484, for synonymy and accounts. Heyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on the call from Thailand. See also Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 60–61, Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 19, and Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 78–79. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 76, provided a brief account for the Indian population. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 102. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 75, provided an account for Guangxi. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 78, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90, provided a brief characterization and photograph (as Ooeidozyga lima). Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 45, reported the range in Laos. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 477, provided specific localities for Laos. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 149, provided range and partial taxonomic bibliography. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 98, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 72–73, provided a photograph and brief account for eastern Thailand. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 95–96. Somaweera, Lilley, Putra, Ganz, Govendan, McKay, and Milenkaya, 2018, Sauria, Berlin, 40: 75–86, reported the species in Bali, Indonesia. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 95, provided a genetically confirmed record from Taninthary Division, southern Myanmar. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 298–299, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 39–40, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar. Ahmad and Mim, 2020, IRCF Rept. & Amph., 27: 36–41, reported specimens from the Bandarban District, southeastern Bangladesh.  Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 76, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. Pham, Do, Ngo, Tran, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2020, Check List, 16: 1025–1041, provided a record from Hai Ha District, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam, on the Guangxi, China, border (rendering the possibility that this is Occidozyga obscura). Flury, Haas, Brown, Das, Min, Kueh, Scheidt, Iskandar, Jankowski, and Hertwig, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107210): 1–17, detected in their dataset and within their Occidozyga lima group three mtDNA lineages, from Thailand (Krabi, Prachuap Kiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Sa Kaeo provinces), Cambodia, and Laos, which they assigned to Occidozyga martensii and others from Thailand (Kalasin, Tak, Nong Kai, Chumpon, and Sakhon Kakhon provinces) were assigned to Occidozyga lima. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 25, briefly discussed identification, systematics, habitat, and range in Myanmar.

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