Occidozyga lima (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Occidozyga > Species: Occidozyga lima

Occidozyga limaKuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Algemeene Konst-en Letter-Bode, 7: 103.

Ooeidozyga limaKuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Isis von Oken, 10: 475; Tian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 63.

Bombinator limaSchlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239; Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.:85, alternative name to reference jar label names in the MNHNP, RMNH, and "Francof." (= SMF)

Rana lima Gravenhorst, 1829, Delic. Mus. Zool. Vratislav., 1: 41. Type(s): Not stated, although likely originally in the Breslau Museum. Type locality: "Java", Indonesia.

Houlema obscura Gray, 1831, Zool. Misc., Part 1: 38. Holotype: BMNH 1932.5.1.2, by inference of Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 245–246. Type locality: "China"; likely Macao, according to Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 137. Synonymy by Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 245–246.

Oxyglossus limaTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 6; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 5; Bourret, 1927, Fauna Indochine, Vert., 3: 264. Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 50, regarded Oxyglossus lima as a new name attributed to Tschudi, 1838, and with the syntypes in the RMNH (2247–2247a) as well as in MNHNP, RMNH, and "Francof." [= SMF].

Oxydozyga braccata Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 85; Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 334. Nomen nudum attributed to Kuhl.

Bombinator limaDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 334.

Oxyglossa lima var. chinens Müller, 1878, Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel, 6: 580. Type(s): NHMB. Type locality: "Lilong, Prov. Kanton", China. Nomen nudum. Synonymy by Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 33.

Oxyglossis limaSmith, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 172. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name.

Oxydozyga limaStejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 33.

Ooeidozyga limaSmith, 1927, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1927: 202–203; Smith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 92, 135.

Osteosternum amoyense Wu, 1929, Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc., China, Zool. Ser., 5: 3. Holotype: 1038, Zool. Mus., Biol. Lab., Sci. Soc. China, Nanking. Type locality: "a rice field near campus of the University of Amoy". Synonymy by Smith, 1931, Bull. Raffles Mus., 5: 16; Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 481; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 398–400.

Oxyglossus lima chinensis Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 222. Status of name uncertain; Liu and Hu ascribed it to Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 506, although it does not appear in that paper.

Occidozyga limaDubois, 1982, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 4: XXX.

Occidozyga (Occidozyga) limaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 58.

English Names

Lurid Houlema (Houlema obscura [no longer recognized]: Gray, 1831, Zool. Misc., Part 1: 38).

Rough-skinned Floating Frog Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 19).

Java Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 102; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 38).

Green Puddle Frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 78).

Puddle Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65).

Pointed-tongue Floating Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 246).

Floating Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90).

Aquatic Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90).

Common Puddle Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 122).

Green Puddle Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23).

Green Floating Frog (Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 95)

Gray-green Puddlefrog (Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 39). 


West Bengal (India) through Bangladesh, Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon, Mon, Tanintharyi), Thailand, Cambodia, and Laos, to southern China (southern Yunnan, southern Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, to southern Jiangxi, and eastern Fujian), Vietnam, to Malaya (Malaysia) and Java and Bali, Indonesia. See comment. 


See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 346–350; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 398–401; and Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 481–484, for synonymy and accounts. Heyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on the call from Thailand. See also Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 60–61, Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 19, and Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 78–79. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 166–168; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 312; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 246–248. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 76, provided a brief account for the Indian population. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 102. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 75, provided an account for Guangxi. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 78, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 90, provided a brief characterization and photograph (as Ooeidozyga lima). Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 45, reported the range in Laos. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 23, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 477, provided specific localities for Laos. Yang and Zhao, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 309–311, provided a specific location and habitat. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 149, provided range and partial taxonomic bibliography. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions of varying levels of completeness in the literature. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 98, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 89, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1587–1591, provided an account, figures, and range map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 418, provided a brief account including photographs. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 88–89, provided an account for Hainan. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 72–73, provided a photograph and brief account for eastern Thailand. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 490, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 95–96. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 63, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Somaweera, Lilley, Putra, Ganz, Govendan, McKay, and Milenkaya, 2018, Sauria, Berlin, 40: 75–86, reported the species in Bali, Indonesia. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 95, provided a genetically confirmed record from Taninthary Division, southern Myanmar. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 298–299, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 39–40, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar. Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 76, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. Pham, Do, Ngo, Tran, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2020, Check List, 16: 1025–1041, provided a record from Hai Ha District, Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam, on the Guangxi, China, border. Flury, Haas, Brown, Das, Min, Kueh, Scheidt, Iskandar, Jankowski, and Hertwig, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107210): 1–17, detected in their dataset and within their Occidozyga lima group three mtDNA lineages, from Thailand (Krabi, Prachuap Kiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Sa Kaeo provinces), Cambodia, and Laos, which they assigned to Occidozyga martensii and others from Thailand (Kalasin, Tak, Nong Kai, Chumpon, and Sakhon Kakhon provinces) were assigned to Occidozyga lima. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 25, briefly discussed identification, systematics, habitat, and range in Myanmar. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.