Boulenophrys kuatunensis (Pope, 1929)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Boulenophrys > Species: Boulenophrys kuatunensis

Megalophrys kuatunensis Pope, 1929, Am. Mus. Novit., 352: 1. Holotype: AMNH 30126, by original designation; redescribed by Tapley, Cutajar, Mahony, Nguyen, Dau, Nguyen, Luong, and Rowley, 2017, Zootaxa, 4344: 482–486. Type locality: "Kuatun Village, Ch'ungan Hsien, northwestern Fukien [= Fujian] Province, China; altitude 5500–6000 feet", China. Given as "Guadun (ca. 27°40’N, 117°40’E, ca. 1675–1830 m asl), Wuyishan County, Nanping Prefecture, Fujian Province", China, by  Tapley, Cutajar, Mahony, Nguyen, Dau, Nguyen, Luong, and Rowley, 2017, Zootaxa, 4344: 482.

Megophrys kuatunensisGee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 20; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 65.

Megophrys (Megophrys) kuatunensisDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Panophrys kuatunensisRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98; Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 12. 

Megophrys (Xenophrys) kuatunesisDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys kuatunensis — Sukumaran, 2003 "2002", Hamadryad, 27: 4; Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23; by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys (Panophrys) kuatunensis — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Boulenophrys kuatunensis — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 658; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 413; Qi, Lyu, Wang, Mo, Zeng, Zeng, Dai, Li, Grismer, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 5072: 403.

English Names

Kuatun Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Kuatun Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 116).


Southern Hunan, Guangdong, eastern Guangxi, southern Anhui, eastern Jiangxi, southern Zhejiang, and northern Fujian. China (see comment). 


Closely allied to Megophrys boettgeri and Megophrys minor, according to Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 444. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 116–177, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 37–38, provided an account for Zhejiang. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 38, provided an account for Guangxi.In the Megophrys boettgeri group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 82. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 425–429, provided an account for China and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 196, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 224, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Wang, Zhao, Yang, Zhou, Chen, and Liu, 2014, PLoS One, 9(4)(e93075): 1–15, discussed the advertisement call. Xiong, Matsui, Nishikawa, and Jiang, 2015, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 34: 51–59, reported on the advertisement call. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 658–660, provided an account for China, photographs, and dot map, as Boulenophrys kuatunensis. Tapley, Cutajar, Mahony, Nguyen, Dau, Nguyen, Luong, and Rowley, 2017, Zootaxa, 4344: 465–492, rediagnosed this species and assigned the specimens from Vietnam to Megophrys rubimera. See account of this species by Tapley, Cutajar, Mahony, Nguyen, Dau, Nguyen, Luong, and Rowley, 2017, Zootaxa, 4344: 482–486, who suggested that populations in Zhejiang, Hunan, and Guangxi, China, need to have their identifications evaluated using molecular evidence. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 165–169, provided a detailed account for Hunan. China. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 28, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Records from Xianju County, Zhejiang Province, China, presumably all apply to Megophrys xianjuensis, according to Wang, Wu, Peng, Shi, Lu, and Wu, 2020, ZooKeys, 904: 54–55.    

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