Megophrys palpebralespinosa Bourret, 1937

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys palpebralespinosa

Megophrys palpebralespinosa Bourret, 1937, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1937: 16. Syntypes: Lab. Sci. Univ. Hanoi B. 34, 146-149, 201, by original designation; now MNHNP 48.114-116 according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 12). Type locality: "Chapa", Tonkin, Vietnam.

Megophrys (Megophrys) palpebralespinosaDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472. 

Panophrys palpebralespinosaRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98-99.

Megophrys (Xenophrys) palpebralespinosaDubois and Ohler, 1998, Dumerilia, 4: 14.

Xenophrys palpebralespinosaOhler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23, by implication; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys latidactyla Orlov, Poyarkov, and Nguyen, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 208. Holotype: ZISP 12182, by original designation. Type locality: "upper part of Bu Stream, Xam Liem Mountain, Pu Mat National Park, Con Cuong District, Nghe An Province, north Vietnam, altitude 820 m a.s.l." Synonymy by Wu, Suwannapoom, Poyarkov, Chen, Pawangkhanant, Xu, Jin, Murphy, and Che, 2019, Zool. Res., Kunming, 40: 572. 

Xenophrys latidactyla — Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2016, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41.

Megophrys (Panophrys) latidactyla — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

Xenophrys (Xenophrys) palpebralespinosa — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 694. 

Megophrys (Panophrys) palpebralespinosa — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 755. 

English Names

Tonkin Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86; Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15).

Rough-skinned Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120).

Wide-toed Horned Frog (Megophrys latidactyla [no longer recognized]:  Orlov, Poyarkov, and Nguyen, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 208). 

Distribution

Border area of northern Vietnam (Dien Bien, Ha Giang, Nghe An, and Lao Cai provinces in the North southwards to Gia Lai Province) and adjacent Yunnan and extreme western Guangxi, China, and Houaphan and Xiangkhouang Provinces, Laos; reported from Guangdong, China (see comment). 

Comment

See accounts by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 204-205; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 57; Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 58-60; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 120-121. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 15, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 147) a photograph. In the Megophrys parva group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 82. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 474, provided the Laos record. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 29-30, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Mo, Zhou, Xie, and Chen, 2007, Herpetol. Sinica, 11: 15-18, reported the species in Guangxi, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 461-464, provided an account for China and spot map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 204, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 232, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 694–695, provided an account, photogrphs, and dot map, as Xenophrys palpebralespinosa. Reported from Guangdong, China, by Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 31, who provided a brief account. Luong, Nguyen, Le, Nguyen, and Nguyen, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 375–387, provided records from Dien Bien Province, Vietnam, and discussed the range and natural history. Nguyen, Brakels, Maury, Sudavanh, Pawangkhanant, Idiiatullina, Lorphengsy, Inkhavilay, Suwannapoom, and Poyarkov, 2020, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 14 (2: e248): 218–249, discussed the range and provided the record from Xiangkhouang Province, Laos.

    

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