Ophryophryne Boulenger, 1903

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Ophryophryne
7 species

English Names

Mountains Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Narrow-mouth Horned Toads (Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 729). 

Distribution

Northern Thailand, northern and eastern Laos, northern Vietnam and southern China.

Comment

See comment under Megophrys. Considered by Dubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 473, to be ranked at the level of subgenus (of Megophrys), but ranked as a genus subsequently by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 23. The phylogenetic position of this taxon was discussed by Rao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 92-102. Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 23-44, revised the genus and provided a key to the species. Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 87, provided a key to the Chinese species. Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17, provided evidence that Ophryophryne is a monophyletic derivative of a paraphyletic XenophrysFei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 472-481, provided a key and accounts for the Chinese species. See comment under Megophryidae. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, suggested that of their examplar species Ophryophryne is the sister taxon of a monophyletic group composed of "Xenophrys", Megophrys, and BrachytarsophrysWang, Zhang, Zhao, Sung, Yang, Pang, and Zhang, 2012, Zootaxa, 3546: 53-67, provided molecular evidence of the paraphyly of Xenophrys with respect to Ophryophryne, but did not make the nomenclatural remedy. Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 28–43, provided a phylogenetic justification for a monophyletic Ophryophryne and redelimited other genera as monophyletic as well. 

Contained taxa (7 sp.):

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