Kalophrynus interlineatus (Blyth, 1855)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Kalophryninae > Genus: Kalophrynus > Species: Kalophrynus interlineatus

Engystoma (?) interlineatum Blyth, 1855 "1854", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 23: 732. Type(s): Zoology Dept., Asiatic Society of Bengal Museum; holotype is ZSIC 9853 according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 22, and Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 104, who discussed the location and identification of the type. Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99–106, discussed the holotype. BMNH records suggest that 1947.2.31.26–27 (formerly 1868.4.3.128–129) are syntypes; Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 164, explained why he rejected the status of the ZSI specimen as holotype and suggested that two specimens at the BMNH were the syntypes, of which he designated BMNH 1974.2.31.27 as lectotype. Type locality: "Pegu" (= Bago), Myanmar; part of a collection from "Mergui, and the valley of the Tenasserim river" according to Blyth, 1856 "1855", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 24: 720.  

Diplopelma interlineatumAnderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 202.

Berdmorea interlineataStoliczka, 1872, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1872: 146.

Calophrynus interlineataTheobald, 1882, in Mason (ed.), Burma, Ed. 2: 291.

Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatusParker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 97.

Kalophrynus interlineatusMatsui, Chan-ard, and Nabhitabhata, 1996, Copeia, 1996: 440–445.

English Names

Piebald Narrowmouthed Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 304).

Striped Sticky Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 96; Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 161).

Bubble-nest Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 39).

Blyth's Microhylid Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 62).

Indochinese Sticky Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 38). 


Mainland (Bago) and peninsular (Mon, Tanintharyi) Myanmar, eastward through northern Thailand, Laos (Vientiene, Bolikhamxai, Champasak, and Khammouan provinces) Cambodia, and Vietnam and also in southern China from southeastern Yunnan to Hong Kong and adjacent Guangdong. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cambodia, China, People's Republic of, Hong Kong, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


Chinese population discussed by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 586; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 286–287. Matsui, Chan-ard, and Nabhitabhata, 1996, Copeia, 1996: 440–445, described the advertisement call, and removed Kalophrynus interlineatus from the synonymy of Kalophrynus pleurostigma, where it had been placed by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 97. See accounts (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 229–230; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 335; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 304–305. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 33, provided a brief account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 139, provided an account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) for Guangxi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 98, provided the statement of range for Vietnam. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 49, reported Kalophrynus pleurostigma (assumed here to be Kalophrynus interlineatus) for Laos. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 96–97, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Teynié, David, Ohler, and Luanglath, 2004, Hamadryad, 29: 35, commented on its distribution in Laos. Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 137, provided a record and remarks regarding the species in Cambodia. Ohler and Grosjean, 2005, Herpetozoa, Wien, 18: 99–106, restricted use of the name Kalophrynus interlineatus to Laos, with cautious application to Vietnam and southern China. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 475, provided a record for Khammouan Province, Laos. Stuart and Emmett, 2006, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 109: 6, provided a record for the Cadamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 120–121, provided a brief account (as Kalophrynus pleurostigma interlineatus) for Yunnan, China. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 59, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 953–957, provided an account and spot map for China. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 62, provided a record for northeastern India (now presumably assigned to Kalophrynus orangensis). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 498–499, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens and habitat. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 38–39, provided a brief account for eastern Thailand, a photograph, and (p. 129) detailed the distribution in Thailand. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 47–48, provided an account for Hainan. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 586–587, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Hecht, Pham, Nguyen, Nguyen, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2013, Biodiversity J., 4: 507–552, reported a record from Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, Bac Giang Province, northeastern Vietnam and discussed the range. Teynié, Nguyen, Lorvelec, Piquet, Lottier, and David, 2014, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 151: 28, provided a record from Vientiane Province, Laos, and discussed the range in Laos. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 67–69. See account by Zug, 2015, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 62: 161–164, who revised the species and provided the range as stated above. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 77, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 95, provided a record from Taninthary Division, southern Myanmar. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 208–209, provided a brief account (photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). See comments by Geissler, Hartmann, Ihlow, Neang, Seng, Wagner, and Böhme, 2019, Cambodian J. Nat. Hist., 2019: 40–63, on specimens collected in Phnom Kulen National Park, northern Cambodia. Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 43–44, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar. Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 114, provided a brief account, photographs, and a range map for Thailand. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 29, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. 


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