Polypedates mutus (Smith, 1940)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Polypedates > Species: Polypedates mutus

Rhacophorus mutus Smith, 1940, Rec. Indian Mus., 42: 473. Syntypes: BMNH 1940.6.1.3-4, by original designation. Type locality: N'Chang Yang, northern Myanmar.

Polypedates mutus — Inger, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 541; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 184; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 326.

Rhacophorus mutusTian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 64.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) mutusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

English Names

Burmese Whipping Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Vocal Sacless Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 274).

Northern Treefrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 152).

Smith's Striped Treefrog (Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 63).


Northern Myanmar; isolated populations in southern Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, and Hainan I., China; throughout Vietnam from the border of China to the northern reaches of the Annam mountains in Nghe An Province; northern Laos; uplands of non-peninsular Thailand (see comment); reported from South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar (see comment).


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) leucomystax group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Polypedates. Removed from the synonymy of Polypedates leucomystax by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 248–250. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 208–210; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 274–275, provided accounts. Orlov, Lathrop, Murphy, and Ho, 2001, Russ. J. Herpetol., 8: 36–38, provided an account for the Vietnam population. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 129, provided an account for Guangxi. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 96, reported the species to be in Laos. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 125–126. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 152–153, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 36, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 150) a photograph. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 111, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 760–764, provided an account and a spot map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 448, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 66–69, provided an account for Hainan. Kuraishi, Matsui, Hamidy, Belabut, Ahmad, Panha, Sudin, Yong, Jiang, Ota, Thong, and Nishikawa, 2013, Zool. Scripta, 42: 54–70, reported on the phylogenetics and the Polypedates leucomystax group and referred to two species as Polypedates cf mutus 1 and Polypedates cf mutus 2 pending investigation of the population at the type locality. The current stated range is, of course, highly provisional as a result of this finding. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 530, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Pan, Dang, Wang, Zheng, Rao, and Li, 2013, Asian Herpetol. Res., 4: 124–133, provided a phylogeny reconstruction of the Polypedates leucomystax complex that suggests that this nominal species extends to some imprecise locality in Indonesia. Pham, An, Herbst, Bonkowski, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Bonn Zool. Bull., 66: 37–53, provided records for Cao Bang Province, Vietnam, along with observations on morphology and natural history. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 70, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Zhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 165–167, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population in northeastern Guizhou, China. Liu, Wang, Zhai, and Wang, 2019 "2018", Asian Herpetol. Res., 9: 240–249, reported on call characteristics. Reported from Lai Chau Province, Vietnam, by Pham, Hoang, Pham, and Nguyen, VNU J. Sci. Nat. Sci. Tech., 35: 73–79. Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 63–64, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar, but noted that it is unlikely that this population is conspecific with the northern Myanmar populations.              

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.