Occidozyga martensii (Peters, 1867)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Dicroglossidae > Subfamily: Occidozyginae > Genus: Occidozyga > Species: Occidozyga martensii

Phrynoglossus Martensii Peters, 1867, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1867: 29. Holotype: ZMB 5645 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 49. Type locality: "Bangkok (Siam)", Thailand.

Oxyglossus martensiiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 6.

Oxyglossis laevis martensiSmith, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 164; Smith, 1916, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 172. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name.

Oxyglossus laevis martensiSmith, 1917, J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 2: 227.

Ooeidozyga laevis martensiPope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 480; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 224.

Phrynoglossus laevis martensiSmith, 1931, Bull. Raffles Mus., 5: 3–32.

Oxyglossus laevis var. vittata Andersson, 1942, Ark. Zool., 34(6): 1. Syntypes: NRM1888.1–5 (five specimens); NRM 1888.3 designated lectotype by Poyarkov, Solovyeva, Nguyen, and Geissler, 2020, Zootaxa, 4834: 510. Type localities: "Dalat and Thua Luu", Lam Dong Province, Vietnam; lectotype from "Dalat" (= Da Lat Plateau), Lam Dong Province in southern Vietnam, according to Poyarkov, Solovyeva, Nguyen, and Geissler, 2020, Zootaxa, 4834: 510, who restricted the type locality (p. 513) to "Da Lat City, Lam Dong Province, southern Vietnam", and who made the synonymy. 

Occidozyga martensiiDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 245, by implication; Zhao, Tan, and Wu, 1987, Chinese Herpetol. Res., 1: 7–11; Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 138; Inger, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 242.

Ooeidozyga laevis martensiiTian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 63.

Phrynoglossus martensiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 59; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 30; Köhler, Vargas, Than, Schell, Janke, Pauls, and Thammachoti, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 7.

Phrynoglossus vittatus — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 59.

Occidozyga vittata — Inger, 1996, Herpetologica, 52: 243, by implication of considering Dubois' Phrynoglossus as synonym of Occidozyga

Phrynoglossus vittata — Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 30. Gender disagreement. See comment under Dicroglossidae.

English Names

Marten’s Oriental Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).

Round-tongued Floating Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 248).

White-lined Flood Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 92).

Marten's Puddle Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 122).

Marten’s Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 24).

Marten's Floating Frog (Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 99; Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 96). 

Hooded Puddlefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 26).

Striped Oriental Frog (Phrynoglossus vittatus [no longer recognized]: (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 104).


Genetically confirmed only from peninsular Myanmar (Mon, Taninthary), southern and peninsular Thailand, western Cambodia, Laos, and northern central Vietnam; associated but unnamed or genetically-unconfirmed populations in West Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, mainland Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Kachin, Kayin, Mandalay, Rakhine, Shan, Yangon), central and northern Thailand, and southern China (southern Yunnan). See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cambodia, China, People's Republic of, Laos, Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam


Caution should be employed in using any literature published before 2021 due to the recognition of cryptic species and reassignment of identifications. See Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 358–360, for discussion. Discussed (as Ooeidozyga laevis martensi) by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 480–481. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 168–170; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 310; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 248–249, for China. See also comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 14. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 76, provided an account for Guangxi. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 92, provided a brief characterization and photograph, which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, did not think was identifiable beyond genus. Stuart, 1999, in Duckworth et al. (eds.), Wildlife in Lao PDR: 45, reported the species in Laos. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 124–125, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Teynié, David, Ohler, and Luanglath, 2004, Hamadryad, 29: 37, provided a record and comments for Laos. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 24, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61–74. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 477, provided specific localities for Laos. Bain, Nguyen, and Doan, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 109, provided specific localities in Vietnam. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 99, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1594–1599, provided an account (as Phrynoglossus martensii), figures, and range map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 420–421, provided a brief account for China (as Phrynoglossus martensii) including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 492–493, provided an account (as Phrynoglossus martensii), photographs, and a range map for China. Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 8, reported specimens from Lata Tembaka, Lata Belatan, and from the base of Mount Lawit, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat. Gawor, Pham, Nguyen, Nguyen, Schmitz, and Ziegler, 2016, Salamandra, 52: 27, reported the species in northeastern Vietnam. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 96–99. Hecht, Pham, Nguyen, Nguyen, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2013, Biodiversity J., 4: 507–552, reported a record from Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, Bac Giang Province, northeastern Vietnam and discussed the range. Li, Li, Wu, Feng, Zhang, Shi, Wang, and Jiang, 2014, J. Genetics, India, 93: 631–641, discussed the mtDNA genome and relationships of the species. Ziegler, Rauhaus, Tran, Pham, van Schingen, Dang, Le, and Nguyen, 2015, Sauria, Berlin, 37: 11–44, provided a genetically confirmed locality at Vin Phuc Province, Vietnam. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Duong, Gorin, and Yang, 2018, PeerJ, 6 (e5771): 16–17, provided a records Cat Ba National Park, Hai Phong Province, and from Cuc PHuong National Park, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 95, provided a genetically confirmed record from Taninthary Division, southern Myanmar. Zug, Mulcahy, Vindum, and Wilkinson, 2018, Alytes, 36: 272, briefly mentioned three cryptic lineages under this name, not detectable by morphology alone, found in Tanintharyi Division, peninsular Myanmar. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 302–303, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Zug and Mulcahy, 2020 "2019", Amph. Rept. S. Tanintharyi: 28, provided a brief account for South Tanintharyi, peninsular Myanmar. Poyarkov, Solovyeva, Nguyen, and Geissler, 2020, Zootaxa, 4834: 510–513, discussed in detail the status of Oxyglossus laevis var. vittata Andersson, 1942, its type locality and the morphology of the types. Makchai, Chuaynkern, Safoowong, Chuachat, and Cota, 2020, Amph. N. Thailand: 78–79, provided photographs, a brief account for Thailand, and a range map. Köhler, Vargas, Than, Schell, Janke, Pauls, and Thammachoti, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 1–26, recognized and partially mapped cryptic species within this complex which require additional ground-truthing; it appears that most populations of nominal Phrynoglossus martensii west, north, and east of southern Thailand actually apply to unnamed species; these authors detailed external morphology and advertisement call for the nominal species. Flury, Haas, Brown, Das, Min, Kueh, Scheidt, Iskandar, Jankowski, and Hertwig, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 163 (107210): 1–17, detected in their dataset and within their Occidozyga lima group three mtDNA lineages, from Thailand (Krabi, Prachuap Kiri Khan, Surat Thani, and Sa Kaeo provinces), Cambodia, and Laos, which they assigned to Occidozyga martensii and others from Thailand (Kalasin, Tak, Nong Kai, Chumpon, and Sakhon Kakhon provinces) were assigned to Occidozyga limaHong, Anuar, Grismer, and Quah, 2021, Check List, 17: 796, reported the species from Batu Hampar Recreational Forest, Kedah, West Malaysia. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 26, briefly discussed identification, systematics, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Lyu, Wang, Zeng, Luo, Zhang, Guo, Ren, Qi, Mo, and Wang, 2022, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 72: 495–512, mapped lineages currently under this name. 

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