Sphaenorhynchus Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Hylinae > Genus: Sphaenorhynchus
15 species

Sphaenorhynchus Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 28. 71. Type species: Hyla lactea Daudin, 1802, by original designation.

SphaenorhincusDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 612. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Sphaenorhynchus.

Dryomelictes Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 31. Type species: Hyla lactea Daudin, 1802, by original designation. Synonymy by Myers and Leviton, 1961, Herpetologica, 17: 62.

Dryomelictes Cope, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 17: 194. Type species: Hyla aurantiaca Daudin, 1802, by original designation. Preoccupied by Dryomelictes Fitzinger, 1843. Synonymy by Myers and Leviton, 1961, Herpetologica, 17: 62.

Hylopsis Werner, 1894, Zool. Anz., 17: 156. Type species: Hylopsis platycephalus Werner, 1894, by monotypy.

SphoenorhynchusLutz and Lutz, 1938, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 10: 175. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Sphoenohyla Lutz and Lutz, 1938, An. Acad. Brasil. Cienc., 10: 178. Type species: Hyla aurantiaca Daudin,1802, by original designation. Named as an explicit subgenus of Hyla because Sphaenorhynchus thought erroneously to be preoccupied by Sphenorhynchus Lichtenstein, 1823 (Aves).

SphaenorhynchusGoin, 1957, Caldasia, 8: 11.

Gabohyla Araujo-Vieira, Luna, Caramaschi, and Haddad, 2020, Zool. Anz., 286: 84. Type species: Sphaenorhynchus pauloalvini Bokermann, 1973. Zoobank publication registration: EAD238BC-D6FB-4C96-B23E-4394B5498A30. Synonymy by Pereira Silva, Ceron, Silva, and Santana, 2022, Ecol. Evol., 12(e8754): 7. 

English Names

Lime Treefrogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 65).

Short-snouted Green Treefrogs (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 14). 


Amazon and Orinoco basins of South America; Guianas; and eastern Brazil; Trinidad.


Considered the sister taxon of Scarthyla + Scinax by Duellman and Wiens, 1992, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 151: 1-23. See nomenclatural discussion by Myers and Leviton, 1961, Herpetologica, 17: 61-62. In Dendropsophini of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89. Araujo-Vieira, Tacioli, and Faivovich, 2015, Zootaxa, 3904: 270–282, commented on comparative larval morphology within the genus. Dewynter, Marty, Courtois, Blanc, and Fouquet, 2017, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 12: 1–16, provided an illustrated key to the species of French Guiana. Araujo-Vieira, Blotto, Caramaschi, Haddad, Faivovich, and Grant, 2019, Cladistics, 35: 469–486, provided a phylogenetic study of the group, recognizing three species groups, the Sphaenorhynchus lacteus (Sphaenorhynchus dorisae, Sphaenorhynchus lacteus), Sphaenorhynchus planicola (Sphaenorhynchus minim, Sphaenorhynchus planicola), and Sphaenorhynchus platycephalus groups (Sphaenorhynchus caramaschii, Sphaenorhynchus bromleicola, Sphaenorhynchus palustris, Sphaenorhynchus botocudo, Sphaenorhynchus canga, Sphaenorhynchus platycephalus, Sphaenorhynchus surdus), with three species unassigned to group: Sphaenorhynchus carneus, Sphaenorhynchus pauloalvini, and Sphaenorhynchus prasinus. Pereira Silva, Ceron, Silva, and Santana, 2022, Ecol. Evol., 12(e8754): 1–15, reported on phylogenetics and biogeography of the the entire genus, successfully placing Sphaenorhynchus carneus (sister of Sphaenorhynchus pauloalvini), Sphaenorhynchus pauloalvini, and Sphaenorhynchus prasinus (sister of the Sphaenorhynchus lacteus group.

Contained taxa (15 sp.):

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