Odorrana graminea (Boulenger, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Odorrana > Species: Odorrana graminea

English Names

Large Odorous Frog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 370). 

Grass Odorous Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 49). 


Southeastern Guangxi and western Guangdong south to Hainan, China. Populations from from southern Anhui and northern Zhejiang west to extreme southern Gansu, Hunan, southeastern Sichuan, and southern Yunnan, China, andfrom Dien Bien, Bac Kan, Bac Giang, Lang Son, Son La, and Lam Dong provinces in northern Vietnam (also expected in eastern Myanmar and northern Laos), apply to unnamed species (see comment). 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Likely/Controversially Present: Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


Removed from the synonymy of Rana livida by Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 24 (who also presented an account on page 24–27), where it had been placed by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 371. See comments by Inger and Chan-ard, 1997, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 45: 68–70, regarding geographic variation in Rana livida and its synonym at the time, Rana graminea. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1219–1224, provided an account, figures, and map for China and placed it in their monotypic Odorrana (Odorrana) graminea group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 328–329, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 95–97, provided an account for Hainan of what is likely this species as Rana lividaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 370–371, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. Hecht, Pham, Nguyen, Nguyen, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2013, Biodiversity J., 4: 507–552, reported a record from Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, Bac Giang Province, northeastern Vietnam and discussed the range. Xiong, Li, and Jiang, 2015, Zootaxa, 3963: 201–229, reported on lineage divergence within nominal Odorrana graminea on the basis of morphology and molecular data, showing it to be composed of at least two species, forming a paraphyletic group with respect to a population in north-central Thailand that has previously been associated with Odorrana chloronota. Although the authors refrained from rendering a taxonomic remedy, the eastern lineage was found roughly east of a line from just west of Macau to the north-northwest to central Hunan, with the type locality being associated with the population west of this line. The reason for not he authors noted there is a tangle of poorly fixed names (e.g., Rana leporipes and Rana nebulosa), which the authors recognized as species of Odorrana and likely associated with the Odorrana graminea complex. Pham, An, Herbst, Bonkowski, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Bonn Zool. Bull., 66: 37–53, provided records for Cao Bang Province, Vietnam, along with observations on morphology and natural history. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 247–251, provided an account for Hunan, China. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 52, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Zhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 127–130, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population in northeastern Guizhou, China. Luong, Nguyen, Le, Nguyen, and Nguyen, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 375–387, provided records from Dien Bien Province, Vietnam, and discussed the range and natural history. Chen, Li, Zhai, Zhu, He, Wang, Li, Jiang, Xiong, and Chen, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–15, suggested on molecular grounds that this nominal species is composed of three lineages: A (west of a line Changyang, Hubei, to Gongchen, Guangxi); B (including the type locality on Hainan I., but otherwise in western Guangdong to central Guangxi); and C (east of a line Changyang, Hubei, to Gongchen, Guangxi). Zhang, Wu, Wang, and Bao, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 124–134, reported on calls. Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 725–727, briefly discussed the systematics of the mtDNA-delimited lineages that compose this taxon, seemingly restricting (see their figure 31) their Odorrana graminea to southern Chna and the northeastern borderlands of Vietnam. Liu, Hou, and Hui, 2022, J. Anim. Diversity, 4(4): 1–11, discussed the distribution of mtDNA matrilines and the species range, and restricted Odorrana graminea to southeastern Guangxi and western Guangdong south to Hainan, China, with other populations being unnamed lineages.  

Comments on literature that may apply to Odorrana graminea but are clearly not Odorrana livida are: See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 212, for Chinese records. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 194, who provided a brief account and illustration (as Odorrana livida). Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 66–67, provided an account for Zhejiang populations (as Odorrana livida). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 99, provided an account (as Odorrana livida) for Guangxi. Ye and Fei, 2001, Acta Zool. Sinica, 47: 528–534, placed this in their Odorrana livida group. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 93–94, as Odorrana livida. Nominal Odorrana livida placed in the Odorrana (Odorrana) livida group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 126.See accounts (as Rana livida) by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 133–135; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 264; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 188–189. Reported from Sop Cop Nature Reserve, Son La Province, northwestern Vietnam, by Pham, Nguyen, Pham, Sung, Le, Vaxong, and Ziegler, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 169–178, who also provided descriptive notes on the new specimens. Duong and Ngo, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 751–762, discussed range in Vietnam and provided records for Binh Dinh Province.

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