Odorrana Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Odorrana
66 species

Odorrana Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 147. Type species: Rana margaretae Liu, 1950, by original designation. Considered a subgenus of Rana by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 329; Matsui, 1994, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 111: 385-415.

Eburana Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328. Type species: Rana narina Stejneger, 1901, by original designation. Proposed as a subgenus of Rana. Synonymy with Odorrana by Matsui, 1994, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 111: 385-415; Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 6.

Bamburana Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 124. Type species: Rana versabilis Liu and Hu, 1962, by original designation. Named as a subgenus of Odorrana.

Wurana Li, Lu, and Lü, 2006, Sichuan J. Zool., 25: 206, 209. Type species: Rana tormotus Wu, 1977, by original designation. Synonymy by Cai, Che, Pang, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Zootaxa, 1531: 49.

BamburanaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 21. Treatment as a genus.

Matsuirana Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 21. Type species: Rana ishikawae Stejneger, 1901. See comment under Ranidae for this provisional placement.

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Rana nebulosa Hallowell, 1861 "1860", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 12: 505. Holotype: Not stated; presumably originally USNM or ANSP but not mentioned in subsequent type lists and must be presumed lost. Type locality: "Hong Kong, China". Considered a nomen dubium by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 7. Provisional synonym with Rana livida by Dubois and Ohler, 2000, Alytes, 18: 35. Considered a nomen dubium by Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 4, who discussed the history of the name.

English Names

Copper-cheeked Frogs (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 11).


High-gradient streams of Japan, southern China and Indochina west to northeastern India, Myanmar and Thailand and south to through Malaya and Sumatra to Borneo.


The diagnosis of Eburana as compared to Odorrana was disputed by Matsui, 1994, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 111: 385–415, who noted that the only diagnostic feature of this taxon, unpigmented animal pole of the eggs, was also shared with Odorrana and Chalcorana. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 253, suggested that Huia (sensu stricto) is imbedded within a paraphyletic cluster of Odorrana and Eburana, and placed all three in synonymy to resolve the nonmonophyly. These authors did not examine the type species of Huia, Rana cavitympanum and explained that should it not fall into this group the oldest name would become Odorrana; subsequently Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13, in their extensive phylogenetic study, showed that the the Frost et al. (2006) exemplar of Huia, Huia nasica, is not close to Rana cavitympanum and they resurrected the name Odorrana for this group. Ye and Fei, 2001, Acta Zool. Sinica, 47: 528–534, reported on phylogenetics of Odorrana in China. Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 1–60, reviewed the members of the loosely delimited Rana livida group from Southeast Asia. Cai, Che, Pang, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Zootaxa, 1531: 49–55, reported on phylogenetics of within Odorrana and its placement within Ranidae. Stuart, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 49–60, also reported on the phylogenetics of Odorrana and recognized it as a strongly supported monophyletic group. See comment under Rana cangyuanensis. Results presented by Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217–1231, corroborate the monophyly of this taxon. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1198–1302, provided identification keys and species accounts for China. Kurabayashi, Yoshikawa, Sato, Hayashi, Oumi, Fujii, and Sumida, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 543–553, noted a DNA translocation that may be a synapomorphy for Odorrana. Orlov, 2009 "2007", Uspekhi Sovrem. Biol., 127: 612–621, noted that a large number of species remained unnamed in Vietnam alone. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon (although this is difficult to appreciate due to the adoption of an antiquated an nonmonophyletic taxonomy) and provided a tree of exemplars. I have retained Bamburana within Odorrana because to do otherwise renders Odorrana non-monophyletic (DRF). Chen, Chen, Jiang, Qiao, Lu, Zhou, Zheng, Zhai, and Liu, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 69: 1196–1202, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the group on the basis of two mtDNA genes and discussed previous phylogenetic hypotheses. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 236–243, provided accounts for the species of Tibet, China. Liu, Rao, Zhang, Lwin, Mo, Zuo, Yin, Quan, and Li, 2022, Herpetozoa, Wien, 35: 9–19, provided a Bayesian tree of 16s mtDNA for the species within the genus. Jiang, Yan, Luo, Xiao, Deng, and Zhou, 2022, Diversity & Distributions, 28: 2648–2664, reported on the molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Odorrana schmakeri complex in the karst regions of Guizhou, China. Song, Zhang, Qi, Lyu, Zeng, Zhu, Huang, Luan, Shu, Gong, Liu, and Wang, 2023, Asian Herpetol. Res., 14: 283–299, redelimited the Odorrana versabilis group. Chen, Mo, Lin, and Qin, 2024, ZooKeys, 1190: 131–152, redelimited and discussed the phylogenetics of the subgenus Bamburana as well as the ranges of the constituent species. 

Contained taxa (66 sp.):

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