Nidirana adenopleura (Boulenger, 1909)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Nidirana > Species: Nidirana adenopleura

Rana adenopleura Boulenger, 1909, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 4: 492. Syntypes: BMNH ("several speicmens"), by original designation. Type locality: "Fuhacho Village [= Maobu or Wucheng, Nantou County], altitude about 4000 feet", Taiwan, China. 

Rana (Hylorana) adenopleuraBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 127-130.

Rana caldwelli Schmidt, 1925, Am. Mus. Novit., 175: 2. Holotype: AMNH 18485, by original designation. Type locality: "Fukien Province (probably near Yenping)", China. Removed from the synonymy of Rana adenopleura by Liu, Hu, Fei, and Huang, 1973, Acta Zool. Sinica, 19: 395, and  Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 178, where it had been placed by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 534-538, and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 193. Synonymy by Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Lin, Liu, and Wang, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 483. Species also described as "new" by Schmidt, 1927, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 54: 559.

Hylorana adenopleuraDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 144.

Rana (Hylarana) adenopleuraDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Hylarana (Hylarana) adenopleuraFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 140; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 237. See comment.

Rana (Nidirana) adenopleuraDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324.

Rana (Nidirana) caldwelli — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324. Removed from synonymy of Rana adenopleura.

Hylarana adenopleuraJiang and Zhou, 2001, Acta Zool. Sinica, 47: 41; Song, Jang, Zou, and Shi, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 71.

Hylarana (Nidirana) adenopleuraFei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 120.

Nidirana adenopleuraChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 35; Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Lin, Liu, and Wang, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 483. 

Nidirana caldwelli — Chen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 35. See comment under Ranidae record.

Babina adenopleuraFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368; Kurabayashi, Yoshikawa, Sato, Hayashi, Oumi, Fujii, and Sumida, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 543-553.

Babina caldwelli — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

English Names

Olive Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 64).

East China Music Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 176; Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Lin, Liu, and Wang, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 494).

Fuhacho Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 25).

Caldwell's Frog (Babina caldwelli [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).

Distribution

Taiwan; northern Fujian, southern Zhejiang and central Jiangxi, China. See comment. 

Comment

In the Rana (Nidirana) adenopleura group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324. Discussed (in the sense of this being a species complex) by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 139; (including Rana caldwelli) by Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 534-538, and Matsui and Utsunomiya, 1983, J. Herpetol., 17: 32-37 (who noted that the Ryukyu population was probably taxonomically distinct, now Nidirana okinavana). Locality records in Liu, Hu, Fei, and Huang, 1973, Acta Zool. Sinica, 19: 395 (in the sense of including Nidirana caldwelli); Kuramoto, 1973 "1972", Bull. Fukuoka Univ. Educ., Nat. Sci., 22: 142; and Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 185 (in the sense of including Nidirana caldwelli, Nidirana mangveni, Nidirana guangdongensis, and Nidirana xiangica). Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 88, provided the Vietnam record (which may be referrable to Hylarana caldwelli). See comments under Rana daunchina and Rana caldwelli, to which most, if not all, records of Vietnam, and Thailand "Rana adenopleura" apply. Thailand is in range according to Khonsue and Thirakhupt, 2001, Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ., 1: 72, although this is unlike given the revisionary literature that has subsequently appeared. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 55-57, provided an account for Zhejiang populations (now Nidirana adenopleura and Nidirana mangveni). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 84, provided an account for Guangxi (now presumably Nidirana yaoica). Song, Jang, Zou, and Shi, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 69-79, reported Rana adenopleura from Hainan Island, but presumably this record applies to Rana caldwelli. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 25, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 64-65, provided a brief account for Taiwan (as Rana adenopleura). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 1171-1177, provided an account, figures, and map for China (in the sense of including Babina caldwelli) and placed it in their Hylarana (Nidirana) adenopleura group. Chuaynkern, Ohler, Inthara, Duengkae, Makchai, and Salangsingha, 2010, Raffles Bull. Zool., 58: 291-310, confirmed the restriction of Babina adenopleura (as Rana adenopleura) to Taiwan and that specimens from Thailand previously identified as Babina adenopleura are referrable to Nidirana liniFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 306-307, provided a brief account (as Hylarana adenopleura) including photographs of specimens and habitat (in the sense of including Nidirana caldwelli, Nidirana mangveni, Nidirana guangdongensis, and Nidirana xiangica). Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 344–345, provided an account (as Nidirana adenopleura, in the sense of including mainland populations now assigned to Nidirana caldwelli, Nidirana mangveni, Nidirana guangdongensis, Nidirana xiangica, and Babina lini), photographs, and a range map for China. Zhou, Qiu, Fang, Yang, Zhao, Fang, Zheng, and Liu, 2014, Zool. Res., Kunming, 35: 42–50, reported on call characteristics in China (as Hylarana adenopleura), although the identification now requires confirmation. Yu, Zhang, and Zheng, 2012, Mitochondrial DNA, 23: 423–425, reported on the complete mtDNA genome. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 88, provided a Vietnam record of Rana adenopleura which is likely referrable either to Nidirana lini or Rana daunchinaYang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 22-24, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China, presumably now referrable to Nidirana lini.  Shi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Fauna Hainan: 97-98, provided an account for Hainan as Rana adenopleura, although this is likely now referrable to Nidirana hainanensisGuo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 84–85, provided a brief account, photographs, and map, as Rana adenopleura. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 236–240, provided an account for Hunan, China, presumably covering what is now Nidirana xiangica and possibly Nidirana guangdongensisLi, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 48, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph (now presumably assingable to Nidirana guangdongensisZhang, 2017, Amph. Rept. Fanjing Mts.: 121–123, provided taxonomic and natural history information for the Fanjing Mountains population in northeastern Guizhou, China. Li, Wei, Xu, Cui, Fei, Jiang, Liu, and Wang, 2019, PeerJ, 7(e7157): 1–27, noted that Nidirana leishanensis was previously confused with Nidirana adenopleura, and suggested that this nominal species is likely a complex of species, noting particularly populations in Guizhou, Guangxi, Yunnan, China. Subsequently, Lyu, Dai, Li, Wan, Liu, Qi, Lin, Wang, Li, Zeng, Li, Pang, and Wang, 2020, ZooKeys, 914: 127–159, revised populations in China, naming Nidirana xiangica, Nidirana mangveni, and Nidirana guangdongensis, and thereby restricting Nidirana adenopleura to Taiwan and Jiangxi, Fujian, and southern Zhejiang, China. 

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