Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Leptodactylidae > Subfamily: Leiuperinae > Genus: Pseudopaludicola
26 species

Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 152. Type species: Liuperus falcipes Hensel, 1867, by monotypy.

English Names

Dwarf Swamp Frogs (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 92).

Swamp Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).


Northern and central South America (Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, southwestern Surinam, northeastern Peru, eastern Bolivia, Paraguay, much of Brazil and northern eastern and central Argentina and Uruguay.


Closely related to Physalaemus and Pleurodema, according to Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 410. See comment under Physalaemus. Species reviewed by Lynch, 1989, Copeia, 1989: 577–588, who defined and discussed phylogenetic relationships within the monophyletic Pseudopaludicola pusilla group noted in the accounts below. See Lobo, 1995, Cuad. Herpetol., 9: 21–43, for a phylogenetic analysis and key. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, suggested that Pseudopaludicola is the sister taxon of remaining leiuperines. Alcalde and Barrasso, 2013, Amphibia-Reptilia, 34: 129–135, compared the internal larval anatomy of Pseudopaludicola boliviana and Pseudopaludicola falcipesVeiga-Menoncello, Lourenço, Strüssmann, Rossa-Feres, Andrade, Giaretta, and Recco-Pimentel, 2014, Zool. Scripta, 43: 261–272, employing a molecular dataset recovered the Pseudopaludicola as monophyletic, organized into four major clades and corroborated the previous morphological proposal that the assemblage of species that lack a T-form phalange is paraphyletic in relation to the Pseudopaludicola pusilla group. Cardozo, Boeris, Ferro, Borteiro, Kolenc, Suárez, Netto, Brusquetti, and Baldo, 2016, Salamandra, 52: 11–22, reported on karyological evolution within the genus. Grosso, Baldo, Cardozo, Kolenc, Borteiro, Oliveira, Bonino, Barrasso, and Vera Candioti, 2019, PLoS One, 14(6: e0218733): 1–37, reported on the phylogenetics and ontogenetics of early larval development in the genus. Andrade, Haga, Lyra, Carvalho, Haddad, Giaretta, and Toledo, 2020, Eur. J. Taxon., 679: 1–36, reported on molecular phylogenetics within the genus and call and morphological differences among the species close to Pseudopaludicola canga

Contained taxa (26 sp.):

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