Boophis Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Mantellidae > Subfamily: Boophinae > Genus: Boophis
80 species

Boophis Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 36, 76. Type species: Boophis goudotii Tschudi, 1838, by monotypy.

Buccinator Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Substitute name for Boophis Tschudi, 1838.

Sahona Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 242. Type species: Polypedates tephraeomystax Duméril, 1853, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Boophis.

BoophisGlaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 242. Recognition of a subgenus, Boophis, the sister taxon of Sahona Glaw and Vences, 2006.

English Names

Bright-eyed Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 110).


Madagascar and Mayotte.


See Blommers-Schlösser, 1979, Bijdr. Dierkd., 49: 261-312, for a revision and definition of species groups, and synonymies for several species. Guibé, 1978, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 11: 59-78, provided synonymies for several species. See Blommers-Schlösser, 1978, Genetica, 48: 23-40, for karyotypes. Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 275-342, reviewed the genus and provided synonymies. See comment under Mantidactylus leucomaculatus. Glaw, Vences, Andreone, and Vallan, 2001, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 133: 495-529, defined and revised the Boophis majori group, which, with the exception of the redefinition of Boophis difficilis as a junior synonym of Boophis tephraeomystax is more-or-less identical with the Boophis difficilis group of previous authors. Aprea, Andreone, Capriglione, Odierna, and Vences, 2004, Ital. J. Zool., Supplemento 2: 237–243, reported on karyology within the genus, noting the remarkable stasis in chromosome evolution. Vences, Glaw, Andreone, Jesu, and Schimmenti, 2002, Contrib. Zool., Amsterdam, 70: 191-212, suggested that Boophis is deeply paraphyletic with respect to Mantidactylus, Laliostoma, and Aglyptodactylus, with Boophis tephraeomystax being the closest related of Laliostoma plus Aglyptodactylus, Boophis guibei being the closest relative of Mantidactylus (also paraphyletic) and Mantella, and with Boophis madagascariensis being outside of other Boophis plus Laliostoma, Mantidactylus, and Mantella. Vences and Glaw, 2002, Tropical Zool., 15: 141-163, discussed the Boophis rappiodes group (Boophis viridis, Boophis rappiodes, Boophis erythrodactylus, Boophis bottae, and Boophis tasymena). Vences and Glaw, 2005, Afr. J. Herpetol., 54: 79, partitioned the former Boophis rappiodes group into a smaller Boophis rappiodes group and Boophis mandraka group, and provided a molecular tree for the Boophis mandraka group. Glaw and Vences, 2006, Organisms Divers. Evol., 6: 236-253, provided evidence for Boophinae/Boophis containing two monophyletic subgenera, Boophis and Sahona (former Boophis tephraeomystax group) not in the synonymies; they also defined the Boophis albipunctatus group. Vences, Köhler, Crottini, and Glaw, 2010, Bonn Zool. Bull., 57: 241-255, reported on molecular phylogenetics of the Boophis goudoti group. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, provided a tree of Boophis exemplars based on Genbank sequences as part of a larger study. Randrianiaina, Strauss, Glos, and Vences, 2012, ZooKeys, 178: 59-124, discussed comparative larval morphology and noted a considerably number of misidentifications of larvae in the literature. Hutter, Lambert, Andriampenomanana, Glaw, and Vences, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 127: 568–578, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the species within the genus, redelimiting the species groups noted in the species records. 

Contained taxa (80 sp.):

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